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There are many causes of kidney stones, ranging from unhe althy living habits to suffering from certain medical conditions. To avoid the formation of kidney stones in the body, you can anticipate various causes from now on
Kidney stones form when various substances in the urine, such as calcium oxalate, uric acid, cystine, and struvite, stick together and harden. The causes of kidney stones can vary and can actually be avoided.
Various Causes of Kidney Stones
The following are some of the causes of kidney stones that you can avoid:
1. Drinking less
Lack of fluids or dehydration can make urine become concentrated. The lack of enough water in the body makes the minerals insoluble in urine until they eventually crystallize into kidney stones.
Well, to reduce the risk of getting kidney stones due to dehydration, you are advised to drink at least 8 glasses of water a day.
2. Eating too many foods high in s alt
The next cause of kidney stones is eating too many high-s alt foods. When the body has excess s alt, the amount of calcium that must be filtered by the kidneys will increase. If it binds with other blood wastes, calcium can crystallize and form kidney stones.
To prevent this from happening, you are advised to avoid or reduce the consumption of foods that contain high amounts of s alt, such as foods that are too s alty, canned foods, packaged meats, and processed foods.
3. Eating too much animal protein
In addition to consuming excess s alt, consuming too much animal protein can also cause kidney stones. This is because foods high in animal protein can increase uric acid levels which can cause kidney stones.
A high-protein diet can also reduce levels of citrate, a chemical in urine that helps prevent the formation of kidney stones.
4. Eating too many foods that contain oxalate
The next cause of kidney stones is eating too many foods that contain oxalate, such as chocolate, spinach, and nuts. To reduce the risk of kidney stones, it is recommended that you eat foods high in oxalate along with foods that contain calcium, such as cheese or milk.
5. Suffering from certain medical conditions
Suffering from certain he alth conditions, such as colitis, gout, Crohn's disease, type 2 diabetes, and hyperparathyroidism, can increase a person's risk of developing kidney stones.
In patients with colitis who often experience diarrhea, for example, dehydration can occur which makes the urine more concentrated. In addition, colitis can also cause the body to absorb more oxalate, thereby increasing the risk of kidney stones.
In addition to the various conditions mentioned above, the risk of developing kidney stones can also increase if you take several kinds of drugs in the long term, including antibiotics such as ciprofloxacin or sulfa drugs, diuretic drugs, and HIV/AIDS drugs.
Those are the various causes of kidney stones that you need to know and avoid. That way, you can avoid kidney stones.
If you experience symptoms of kidney stones, such as pain that radiates from the lower abdomen to the genitals, pain when urinating, and cloudy or bloody urine, consult a doctor to determine the cause and get the appropriate treatment.