These are the characteristics of a kidney infection

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These are the characteristics of a kidney infection
These are the characteristics of a kidney infection

Kidney infection occurs when bacteria and viruses enter the kidney through the urinary tract or ureter. This disease needs to be detected and treated as soon as possible to avoid dangerous complications. Therefore, know what the characteristics of a kidney infection are so that you can be aware of it

Kidney infection can be experienced by anyone, but women are more at risk of suffering from this condition than men. Usually, a kidney infection begins with an infection in the lower urinary tract (urethra) and bladder which then spreads to the kidneys. Therefore, some of the features of a kidney infection can be very similar to an infection in both locations.

These are the characteristics of a kidney infection - Alodokter

Characteristics of Kidney Infection

Some of the common signs of kidney infection are:

1. Pain when urinating

One of the characteristics of kidney infection is pain when urinating or dysuria. This complaint can arise due to inflammation of the inner wall of the urethra. Even so, dysuria is not only caused by kidney infections, but also other diseases such as vaginal yeast infections, kidney stones, and sexually transmitted infections.

2. Frequent urination

The urge to urinate more often than usual can also be a sign of a kidney infection. This condition occurs when the bladder becomes inflamed and becomes more sensitive to pressure from urine. The effect, the bladder feels full even though only a little and the urge to urinate continues to appear.

3. Fever and chills

This type of kidney infection is usually used as a difference between a kidney infection and a urinary tract infection that is located further down (urethra and bladder). This is because when the infection has spread to the kidneys, the body will increase its immune response to fight the infection. Fever is one response.

4. Back pain

The next sign of kidney infection is the appearance of low back pain. The kidneys are located on the right and left sides of the spine, just below the ribs. As a result, when the kidneys have problems, complaints in the form of back pain or low back pain are possible.

Back pain caused by kidney infection is usually a dull pain. Pain can be mild or severe, depending on how severe the kidney infection is.

5. Stomach pain

Not only causes back pain, kidney infections can also trigger abdominal pain. Infections that occur in the kidneys can trigger the abdominal muscles to contract, resulting in pain. This pain can also radiate to the pelvic area or groin.

6. Urine cloudy and smelly

Urinary tract infections can indeed cause changes in urine. However, if the urinary tract infection has spread to the kidneys, the urine will usually look cloudy and have a foul smell.

7. Bloody urine

In severe kidney infections, swelling and irritation that occurs can cause bleeding in the urinary tract, resulting in bloody urine (hematuria). This condition is characterized by dark urine.

8. Nausea and vomiting

Patients with kidney infections can also experience nausea and vomiting in response to the resistance of the immune system. The characteristics of this kidney infection indicate that the infection is quite severe.

Recognizing the characteristics of a kidney infection is important as a form of anticipation, especially if you are more at risk of developing a kidney infection, for example, female, have a history of urinary tract infection in the last 1 year, or suffer from blockage in the urinary tract due to kidney stones or kidney stones. prostate enlargement.

If you feel the symptoms of a kidney infection as described above, immediately consult a doctor to get the right treatment. If this condition is not treated promptly, the risk for serious complications, such as kidney failure or sepsis, will be higher.

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