Recognizing the Symptoms of Heart Disease According to the Type of Disease

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Recognizing the Symptoms of Heart Disease According to the Type of Disease
Recognizing the Symptoms of Heart Disease According to the Type of Disease

Symptoms of heart disease are important to recognize early. Because heart disease is a serious condition that can be life-threatening if not treated quickly. Therefore, recognize the symptoms so that treatment can be done immediately

Heart disease is one of the most common causes of death in the world, including Indonesia. According to data from the World He alth Organization (WHO), around 17 million people died from heart disease in 2019.

Recognize the Symptoms of Heart Disease According to the Type of Disease - Alodokter

Unfortunately, detecting heart disease is not always easy. This is because the symptoms of heart disease can vary, depending on the type of heart disease suffered.

In addition, there are enough symptoms of heart disease that are similar to minor he alth problems so that the sufferer does not feel the need to see a doctor. As a result, the diagnosis and treatment of heart disease is delayed.

Symptoms of Heart Disease by Type

The following are some of the symptoms of heart disease based on the type of heart disease:

1. Symptoms of coronary heart disease

Coronary heart disease (CHD) occurs when the blood flow that carries oxygen and nutrients to the heart is narrowed or blocked due to a buildup of plaque on the walls of the coronary arteries or can be called atherosclerosis.

The symptoms of coronary heart disease can be different for men and women. In men, the typical symptom is chest pain that radiates (angina pectoris). While in women, symptoms can include chest discomfort, shortness of breath, nausea, and severe fatigue.

The following are some other symptoms of coronary heart disease that can appear:

  • Pain, numbness, weakness, and coldness in the leg or arm
  • Pain in neck, jaw, throat, and upper abdomen or back
  • short breath

2. Symptoms of arrhythmia

Arrhythmia is a condition when the heart beats irregularly, for example, the heart beats too fast, too slowly, or even loses 1 or 2 beats in between.

Arrhythmias can occur without certain symptoms, so sometimes the sufferer is not aware of it. However, there are some symptoms of cardiac arrhythmias that can appear, namely:

  • Mild headache
  • Heart pounding
  • Slow pulse
  • Chest pain or chest discomfort
  • Shortness of breath
  • Dizzy spinning
  • Fainted or nearly fainted

3. Symptoms of cardiomyopathy

Cardiomyopathy is a disease that causes the heart muscles to become larger and stiffer, thicker, or weaker. This disease can be caused by genetic disorders or hereditary factors.

At first, this type of heart disease may not cause typical symptoms. However, as the condition worsens, symptoms may include:

  • Shortness of breath when doing some light activities or even at rest
  • Swelling of the feet or ankles
  • Irregular or faster heartbeat
  • Dizzy until you want to faint
  • Exhaustion
  • Bloated

4. Symptoms of heart valve disease

The heart has 4 valves that function to drain blood to and from the heart. In people with valvular heart disease, one or more of the valves in the heart do not function properly. As a result, blood flow from the heart becomes disturbed.

Some people with valvular heart disease have no symptoms for years. However, others may suddenly experience symptoms that develop very quickly.

There are several symptoms of this heart disease, including:

  • chest pain
  • Accumulation of fluid in the abdominal cavity (ascites)
  • Exhaustion
  • short breath
  • Swelling in ankle
  • Dizzy
  • Fainted
  • irregular heartbeat

5. Symptoms of heart failure

Heart failure occurs when the heart muscle is too weak to pump blood normally. This condition can be caused by narrowed coronary vessels or high blood pressure.

The following are some of the symptoms of heart failure:

  • shortness of breath when lying down
  • Exhaustion
  • Decreased ability to exercise or be active
  • Swelling in the legs
  • Fast or irregular heartbeat
  • Coughing constantly with white or bloody phlegm
  • Frequent urination at night
  • Swelling of the stomach
  • Drastic weight gain
  • Nausea or lack of appetite

6. Symptoms of congenital heart disease

Symptoms of congenital heart disease can usually be seen since birth. In infants, this condition occurs due to disturbances in the process of formation and development of the heart while in the womb. The following are some of the symptoms of heart defects:

  • Skin color is pale gray or cyanotic bluish
  • dark lips
  • Swelling in the legs, abdomen, or the area around the eyes
  • Can't suckle or suckle only for a while

Meanwhile, symptoms of congenital heart disease that are not detected until adulthood may include:

  • Easy to breath when exercising or doing activities
  • Easy to get tired when exercising or doing activities
  • Swelling in the hands or ankles

Those are some of the symptoms of heart disease according to the type of disease. Generally, all of the above conditions require regular treatment so that they don't get worse.

The type of treatment is based on the conditions experienced. If the condition is severe enough, the doctor will perform heart surgery.

Therefore, if you have a history of heart disease or experience the symptoms of heart disease above, immediately consult a doctor so that it can be detected early. The sooner it is detected, the more likely you are to recover.

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