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Liver or liver has an important function for he alth. By knowing what causes liver disease, you can be more alert and prevent this disease from an early stage
There are various causes of liver disease, ranging from the wrong lifestyle, infections, and other he alth conditions that affect the liver. Liver disease is often difficult to treat and can be fatal, because the symptoms of this disease sometimes only appear after liver function is severely damaged.
Causes of Liver Disease
There are various causes of liver disease. Some of them are:
Viruses and parasites can infect the liver and cause inflammation that interferes with its function. The most common liver infections are hepatitis A, hepatitis B, and hepatitis C.
The method of spreading the infection varies, depending on the cause of the infection. Hepatitis A virus infection usually occurs through food contamination, while hepatitis B and hepatitis C virus infection occurs through blood, for example by sharing needles or having unprotected sex.
Parasitic infection of the liver is quite rare, but the impact can be fatal. Usually this infection occurs as a complication of other infections, such as amoebiasis which can cause liver abscess, and taeniasis which can cause tapeworm cysts in the liver.
2. Immune system disorders
The presence of immune system or autoimmune disorders can cause liver disease. In this condition, immune cells attack he althy cells in the body, including liver cells. This condition can cause hepatitis which certainly interferes with liver function.
3. Excessive alcohol consumption
The next cause of liver disease is excessive alcohol consumption. Alcohol addiction can increase the risk of liver disease, because alcohol can poison liver cells and slowly reduce liver function until the liver is completely damaged.
When liver damage occurs, he althy liver tissue will be replaced with scar tissue. When most of the liver tissue has been replaced with scar tissue, the condition is called cirrhosis. At this stage, the chances of the liver being saved are slim.
Obesity can trigger fatty liver. Excessive accumulation of liver fat can lead to inflammation and decreased liver function. The effects caused by this condition are not much different from excessive alcohol consumption.
He althy cells in the liver can be damaged by inflammation and replaced by scar tissue, leading to cirrhosis. After cirrhosis occurs, liver damage is permanent. This can lead to liver failure and liver cancer.
5. Genetic disorders
Genetic disorders inherited from parents can cause the liver to accumulate various substances that can cause damage. Some genetic disorders that can cause liver disease are hemochromatosis, Wilson's disease, and alpha 1 antitrypsin deficiency.
In addition to the causes of liver disease above, excessive consumption of certain drugs, type 2 diabetes, and exposure to certain chemicals or toxins can also cause liver disease.
Liver disease can develop until the liver function is completely damaged and cannot be restored. The only way is a liver transplant. No one would want this to happen, of course. That is why it is necessary to know the cause of liver disease.
If you have one of the causes of liver disease and experience symptoms such as yellowing of the skin and eyes, abdominal pain, swollen stomach, nausea, vomiting, or easy bruising, consult a doctor immediately to get the right treatment.