Recognizing the Dangers of Thyroid Disorders in Mothers and Children

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Recognizing the Dangers of Thyroid Disorders in Mothers and Children
Recognizing the Dangers of Thyroid Disorders in Mothers and Children

Thyroid disorder is a condition in which the thyroid gland does not function properly. This condition can happen to anyone, including mothers and children, and can cause very dangerous problems in various organs of the body. Get to know what are the dangers of thyroid disorders in mothers and children

The thyroid is a butterfly-shaped gland located in the middle of the front of the neck. This gland produces thyroid hormone which functions to control almost all metabolic processes in the body. Because the role of thyroid hormone is very important for the body, thyroid gland disorders can have a very big impact.

Recognize the Dangers of Thyroid Disorders in Mothers and Children - Alodokter

Thyroid disorders can cause thyroid hormone production to be less or even excessive. A condition in which there is too little thyroid hormone in the body is called hypothyroidism, while a condition in which thyroid hormone levels are too high is called hyperthyroidism.

This is the Danger Behind Thyroid Disorders in Mothers

Women are more at risk of thyroid disorders than men. Thyroid disorders in women, both hyperthyroid and hypothyroid, can cause menstrual cycle disorders, fertility problems, and harm to the womb and fetus if it occurs in pregnant women.

Hyperthyroid in mother

Hyperthyroid conditions will cause an increase in metabolism and organ work, including the heart. At first, the symptoms of hyperthyroidism are not very significant, so you may not pay much attention to them.However, over time, hyperthyroidism can cause various complaints, such as:

  • Tremor
  • Drastic weight loss
  • Fast or irregular heartbeat
  • Difficulty sleeping
  • Often feeling nervous or anxious
  • Often feel hot even though the air temperature is not hot
  • Too much sweat
  • Diarrhea or more frequent bowel movements
  • Eyes bulge out, often irritated, and look red

Hyperthyroid during pregnancy is not treated at risk of miscarriage, premature birth, preeclampsia, fetal heart rate too fast, or babies born with low birth weight, even with heart failure conditions.

Hypothyroidism in mother

In contrast to hyperthyroidism, hypothyroidism can slow down the functioning of the organs in general.Symptoms of hypothyroidism also progress slowly. At first, you may often feel tired, and over time you will experience various other complaints due to the slow metabolic process of the body.

The following are some of the symptoms that can appear in the condition of hypothyroidism:

  • Constipation
  • Hoarse voice
  • Joint or muscle pain
  • Dry and pale skin
  • Hair loss
  • Slow heart rate
  • Hard to sweat
  • Swollen face
  • Often feeling sad or depressed
  • Gaining weight, even though I don't eat much
  • Menstruation becomes more frequent
  • Feeling cold even when it's not cold

Hypothyroidism during pregnancy that is not treated properly can cause anemia, preeclampsia, and miscarriage in pregnant women, or the baby is born dead.Babies born to mothers with hypothyroidism are also at risk for impaired brain growth and development.

The Dangers Behind Thyroid Disorders in Children

Although it is more common in adults, children and infants can also experience thyroid disorders, especially hypothyroidism. Hypothyroid conditions from birth are called congenital hypothyroidism or congenital hypothyroidism.

Most cases of congenital hypothyroidism occur because the thyroid gland is not formed properly during the baby in the womb. The main cause is genetic abnormalities in the fetus. However, this condition can also occur due to iodine deficiency in pregnant women.

Congenital hypothyroidism symptoms generally appear a few weeks or months after the baby is born. The symptoms are as follows:

  • Yellow skin
  • Constipation
  • Fast breath
  • Big and swollen tongue
  • Swelling around the eyes
  • Big belly with navel sticking out
  • Sleep longer or more often

Untreated congenital hypothyroidism can cause problems in children's growth and development and cause children to experience speech disorders, walking disorders, to mental retardation.

Thyroid disorders in mother and child can cause dangerous complications. In fact, if thyroid disorders are detected early, these complications can be prevented, although treatment must be carried out in the long term.

Therefore, screening or screening for thyroid disorders is very important. Thyroid disorder screening can be done when the baby is 48–72 hours old, or at least before he is 2 weeks old. If it turns out that the baby has a thyroid disorder, the doctor will immediately provide treatment so that the baby's growth and development is not disturbed.

Meanwhile, in adults, screening for thyroid disorders can be done by self- neck-checking or self-examination of the neck.You can do this examination yourself at home to find out whether there is a lump in the neck, because this symptom is usually not realized until the lump is large enough.

In addition, you also need to be aware of the symptoms of hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism that may occur. If you feel symptoms of hypothyroidism or hyperthyroidism, with or without a lump in the neck, you should immediately consult a doctor.

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