Causes of eye pain and its treatment

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Causes of eye pain and its treatment
Causes of eye pain and its treatment

Eye pain often causes discomfort for each sufferer. Various things can be the cause of eye pain, ranging from infections to allergies. By knowing the cause of the eye pain you are experiencing, the right treatment can be easier to do

Almost everyone has experienced eye pain. This condition is generally characterized by various symptoms, such as red eyes, itching and soreness, and lots of tears.

Causes of Eye Pain and Treatment - Alodokter

Various Causes of Eye Pain

Sore eyes can be caused by various things, ranging from irritation, allergies, viral and bacterial infections, to eye injuries. Some causes of eye pain are generally harmless and will subside on their own.

However, eye pain can sometimes also be caused by certain medical conditions that need to be watched out for, because there is a risk of causing permanent eye damage and disorders.

The following are some of the causes of eye pain that are important for you to know:

1. Irritation

Irritation to the eyes can occur due to several factors, such as exposure to certain chemicals or dust, cigarette smoke, allergies, to infection.

In certain cases, prolonged exposure to the sun on the eyes can also cause irritation. Some examples of eye diseases caused by irritation are dry eyes and conjunctivitis.

2. Allergy

Eye allergies are caused by an overreaction of the immune system to substances or objects that trigger allergies (allergens) that enter the eye. Factors that trigger allergies can vary, such as smoke, dust, food, to the use of make-up in the eye area.

This condition is generally characterized by itchy, swollen, red, and watery eyes.

3. Infection

Eye infections are eye diseases caused by viruses, bacteria, and fungi. The cause of this eye pain can attack one eye or both and tends to be easily contagious.

When you experience eye pain caused by infection, you may feel symptoms of pain or discomfort in your eyes, impaired vision, until your eyes feel itchy, red, and watery.

Some examples of eye diseases caused by infection, namely viral and bacterial conjunctivitis, stye, keratitis, trachoma, and endophthalmitis.

4. Injury

Injuries to the eye can occur due to exposure to chemicals, such as soap or shampoo, entry of foreign objects, and injuries from falls, being hit by a blunt object, or stab wounds to the eye. Injuries to the eye can be minor, but some are serious and can cause blindness.

Minor eye injuries generally only cause pain, redness, and watering. This condition usually subsides on its own.

It's a different case if the eye injury that occurs is quite severe. This condition can cause hyphema or bleeding in the cornea of ​​the eye, tear the eye lens, and damage the eye nerve. This condition needs to be treated by a doctor immediately because it can cause blindness.

5. Inflammation

One of the causes of eye pain that is also quite common is inflammation of the eye. The cause of this eye pain can cause inflammation in various parts of the eye, such as the sclera or the white part of the eye, the conjunctiva or the inside of the eyelid, to the cornea of ​​the eye.

Some examples of eye diseases caused by inflammation are uveitis, conjunctivitis, scleritis, episcleritis, and keratitis. Inflammation of the eye can cause eye pain or itching, swelling, watering, redness, and blurry vision.

6. Increased eye pressure

Increased eye pressure can occur when the flow of fluid inside the eye is blocked. The high pressure on the eyeball over time will cause damage to the optic nerve and retina. This condition can cause a disease called glaucoma.

Glaucoma sufferers may experience symptoms of intense eye pain, red eyes, headache, and cloudy vision. This type of eye pain can be experienced by all ages, but is more common in the elderly.

7. Aging

Aging can make various functions of the body's organs decline, including the eyes. The causes of eye pain due to age often cause visual disturbances, such as cataracts, presbyopia, and macular degeneration.

Presbyopia is a condition when the eyes have lost focus in looking at certain objects. People with presbyopia usually need to wear glasses to see clearly.

Meanwhile, macular degeneration is a disease that occurs when the function of the retina in the eye decreases, causing the sufferer to have difficulty seeing clearly.

Several Steps for Eye Pain Treatment

There are eye pain that can heal by itself, but there are also those that need to be treated by a doctor. You need to see an ophthalmologist if you have severe eye pain, eye pain that doesn't go away, or causes vision problems.

To treat the eye pain you are experiencing, the doctor will provide treatment according to the cause of the eye pain.

For example, if your eye pain is caused by a bacterial infection, your doctor may prescribe eye drops or ointments that contain antibiotics.If your eye pain is caused by glaucoma, your doctor can prescribe medication or suggest you undergo eye surgery.

In addition to medical treatment from a doctor, you can also relieve eye pain in the following ways:

  • Rest your eyes for a while after a long time in front of the computer or while watching television.
  • Use goggles to protect your eyes from dust or dirt that gets into your eyes.
  • Give a cold compress to relieve the symptoms of red and itchy eyes due to irritation or allergies, while to relieve swollen eyes due to a stye, you can use a warm compress.
  • Use eye drops to relieve irritation or dry eyes. One of the eye drops that can be used is artificial tears.

In addition, make it a habit not to touch or rub your eyes too often because it can make your eyes hurt even more.

Because the causes of eye pain can vary, the treatment is not the same. Therefore, when you experience eye pain, you should see a doctor so that the cause of your eye pain can be ascertained and appropriate treatment is given.

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