Moebius Syndrome, A Rare Condition That Can Cause Facial Abnormalities

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Moebius Syndrome, A Rare Condition That Can Cause Facial Abnormalities
Moebius Syndrome, A Rare Condition That Can Cause Facial Abnormalities
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A few moments ago, Moebius syndrome was widely discussed on social media. This syndrome is generally rare and is characterized by the infant's inability to show facial expressions. Actually, what is Moebius syndrome?

Moebius syndrome or Moebius syndrome is a rare neurological disorder that affects several parts of the brain, especially the part of the brain that controls muscles in the face, jaw, mouth, tongue, and eyelids.

Moebius Syndrome, a Rare Condition That Can Cause Facial Abnormalities - Alodokter

This condition makes it difficult for sufferers to show facial expressions and even unable to smile, raise eyebrows, or frown. Moebius syndrome can occur in babies from birth and often makes it difficult for babies to eat, drink, and talk.

Possible Causes of Moebius Syndrome

The main cause of Moebius syndrome is still not known with certainty. However, several studies have found that there are several factors that can increase the risk of a fetus being born with this condition, namely genetic disorders, exposure to pollution and toxic substances, and the side effects of certain drugs during pregnancy.

In addition, there is also a theory that suggests that Moebius syndrome occurs due to disruption of blood flow from the mother to the fetus, so that the fetus lacks the nutrients and oxygen needed for its growth and development.

This makes the fetus experiencing blood deficiency more at risk of experiencing disturbances in the neurodevelopmental process of the brain, thus suffering from Moebius syndrome.

Various Symptoms of Moebius Syndrome

The signs and symptoms experienced by people with Moebius syndrome depend on the nerves and parts of the brain that are affected.

As previously explained, the symptoms and signs of Moebius syndrome mostly occur in the facial area. However, in addition to facial disorders, sufferers of this syndrome can also experience abnormalities in other body parts.

The following are some signs and symptoms that can be experienced by sufferers of Moebius syndrome:

  • Weakness or complete paralysis of the facial muscles
  • Difficulty swallowing, breastfeeding and speaking
  • Drooling a lot
  • Difficulty showing facial expressions
  • Shape and size of the jaw and small chin (micrognathia)
  • Small mouth size (microstomia)
  • Cleft lip
  • Disorders of the tongue and teeth
  • Squint eyes
  • Fingers stuck together or syndactyly
  • Vision and hearing impairment
  • Developmental disorders
  • Weak body muscles
  • Deformities of the feet and hands, for example, the legs are bent inward (clubfoot)

Treatment of Moebius Syndrome

Because it can cause disorders and abnormalities in various parts of the body, babies born with Moebius syndrome usually need to be treated by various specialist doctors, such as pediatricians, neurosurgeons, plastic surgeons, ENT doctors, pediatric dentists, doctors ophthalmologists, and other specialists.

To treat Moebius syndrome, doctors can perform the following treatments:

Operation

Surgery is aimed at repairing damage to the facial muscles, eyes, or other body parts that are disabled due to Moebius syndrome.

The surgical steps that can be performed include cleft lip surgery, cross-eye surgery, leg repair surgery, and plastic surgery to improve the shape of the face and body of patients with abnormalities.

One of the surgical techniques that are now also widely performed on patients with Moebius syndrome is the smile surgery technique. This surgical technique is performed to improve facial muscles so that sufferers can smile, talk, and eat and drink better.

Nasogastric (NG) tube insertion

People with Moebius syndrome often have difficulty eating and drinking because they are unable to swallow or move the jaw, face, tongue, and mouth muscles.

Therefore, the doctor may insert a feeding and drinking tube through the nose into the stomach to deliver food and drink. This tube is generally inserted so that the patient can swallow well.

Physiotherapy

Physiotherapy or physical rehabilitation aims to improve and strengthen the muscles of the body of patients with Moebius syndrome who experience weakness. With physiotherapy, people with Moebius syndrome can be trained to walk and move their hands better.

In addition, to help improve speech skills, doctors will also advise patients to undergo speech therapy (speech therapy). This therapy can also be done to improve facial muscles and help sufferers to eat and drink or swallow better.

Due to a higher risk of developing developmental disorders, babies or children born with Moebius syndrome also need to get growth monitoring and stimulation from a pediatrician.

Basically, Moebius syndrome cannot be cured. However, with the various treatment steps above, doctors can help sufferers with Moebius syndrome to grow and develop better and be more independent in life.

If your child has symptoms that suggest Moebius syndrome, take him to the doctor so that he can be examined and given the right treatment.

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