Various Allergies Based on Cause

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Various Allergies Based on Cause
Various Allergies Based on Cause

Allergies consist of various kinds, ranging from food allergies to drug allergies. Some of these allergies are mild, but some can be life threatening. Come on, identify various kinds of allergies based on their causes to prevent unwanted things

Allergy is an excessive body reaction to a substance or object that generally does not cause certain diseases or conditions. Substances that can trigger an allergic reaction are also called allergens.

Types of Allergies Based on Cause - Alodokter

When there is contact with an allergen, an allergic reaction will appear because the immune system perceives the allergen as something that can harm the body, even though the substance is actually not harmful.

Various Allergies That Can Happen

So that you don't misunderstand the allergies you suffer from, here are the types of allergies that usually occur:

1. Food allergy

Food allergies occur after eating certain foods that can trigger allergies, such as eggs, milk, nuts, wheat, soy, and seafood such as fish and shellfish.

Food allergy reactions can include itchy skin and mouth, swollen lips and face, dizziness, nausea and vomiting, and difficulty breathing.

2. Skin allergy

Skin allergies occur when allergens that trigger allergies come into contact with the skin. This allergic reaction can include reddened skin, rash, itching, and swelling.

Allergens that can trigger skin allergies are very diverse, ranging from pollen, nickel metal, certain plants, latex materials, to beauty products or cleaning products that contain certain substances.

3. Dust allergy

Dust can be a substance that can cause allergies. Apart from dust, allergic reactions can also be caused by mites or fleas, pet droppings, dead cockroach carcasses, and spores.

People with dust allergies will usually experience symptoms of watery eyes, red eyes, itchy skin, sneezing, and itchy and stuffy nose, after being exposed to substances that trigger allergies.

To deal with dust allergies, you are advised to keep the surrounding environment clean. Don't forget to wear a mask when cleaning the house.

4. Drug allergy

Drug allergy is an overreaction of the immune system to the drugs taken.There are many types of medications that can trigger allergies, including antibiotics such as penicillin, pain medications such as aspirin, chemotherapy drugs to treat cancer, and medications to treat autoimmune diseases.

You should immediately consult a doctor if you feel an allergic reaction after taking the drug, such as skin rash, itching, fever, swelling, wheezing, watery eyes, and shortness of breath.

The main principle of allergy treatment is to identify the cause of the allergy and stay away from the triggering factor. To treat bothersome complaints, doctors can give antihistamines to reduce itching. As for severe allergies, the doctor may also prescribe corticosteroid drugs.

Of the various allergies above, the allergic reactions that appear will be different for each person. Although allergic reactions are generally not life threatening, you need to be aware of an anaphylactic reaction.

This condition is characterized by difficulty breathing, weak pulse, increased heart rate, and pale skin. Although rare, anaphylactic reactions should be watched out for because they can be life-threatening if not treated immediately.

If you experience an allergic reaction after consuming or being exposed to something, immediately go to the doctor or the emergency department at the nearest hospital for proper treatment.

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