Abortus Habitualis, Recognize the Causes and How to Prevent It

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Abortus Habitualis, Recognize the Causes and How to Prevent It
Abortus Habitualis, Recognize the Causes and How to Prevent It

Habitual abortion is also known as recurrent miscarriage, which is 2 or more times in a row. Why did this happen? Let's look at the explanation regarding the causes of habitual abortion, as well as how to prevent it

Habitual abortion or consecutive miscarriage is a rare condition. Symptoms that occur are no different from miscarriages in general. However, this condition needs to be evaluated more carefully because it can be caused by a serious he alth condition.

Habitual Abortion, Recognize the Causes and How to Prevent It - Alodokter

Causes of Habitual Abortion

The following are some of the causes that can make a woman experience a habitual abortion:

1. Antiphospholipid syndrome (APS)

Antiphospholipid syndrome is also known as thick blood syndrome. This syndrome is an autoimmune disease that can make it more difficult to attach a potential fetus to the uterus, increasing the risk of miscarriage. Antiphospholipid syndrome is found in 15–20% of women with habitual abortion.

2. Thrombophilia

Thrombophilia is a condition that you are born with. This disease can be said to be similar to antiphospholipid syndrome because they both make blood clot more easily. Therefore, thrombophilia is also thought to play a role in the occurrence of habitual abortion.

3. Infectious disease

There are several infectious diseases associated with recurrent miscarriage, including chlamydia, gonorrhea, syphilis, and toxoplasmosis. Even so, researchers are still exploring what types of infectious diseases most increase the risk of recurrent miscarriage.

4. Chromosomal abnormalities

A study says that about 2–5 percent of couples can experience a habitual abortion due to chromosomal abnormalities. This disorder may not arise as a disease in the couple, but appears after being passed on to the prospective fetus. This abnormality causes the fetus to be unable to develop and eventually a miscarriage occurs.

5. Problems with the uterus

The uterus is the main support for pregnancy. Therefore, women who have problems with the uterus, whether in the form of fibroids, uterine deformities, uterine wall abnormalities (Asherman's syndrome), or weak cervix (cervical incompetence), are more susceptible to habitual abortion.

6. Problems with hormones

Hormone problems, such as polycystic ovary syndrome, are believed to be associated with habitual abortion. Even so, the extent of the connection has not yet been confirmed and further research is still needed.

The risk of habitual abortion can also increase at the age of more than 35 years. In addition, obesity, smoking, consumption of alcoholic beverages, drug abuse, and chronic diseases, such as heart disease, kidney failure, and diabetes, are also thought to have a role in the occurrence of habitual abortion.

Prevention of Abortion Habitualis

Although there are no specific steps to prevent habitual abortion, the following methods are considered to reduce the risk of miscarriage:

  • Implementing a he althy diet with balanced nutrition
  • Take 400 mg of folic acid daily, at least 2 months before planning a pregnancy
  • Maintaining ideal body weight
  • Manage stress well
  • Do not smoke or inhale cigarette smoke
  • Do not consume alcoholic beverages or drugs
  • Vaccination according to doctor's recommendations to prevent infectious diseases
  • Avoid exposure to radiation and harmful toxins that may be present in food or everyday products, such as benzene, arsenic, and formaldehyde
  • Avoid exposure to environmental pollution and infectious diseases

To prevent recurrent miscarriage or habitual abortion, the causative factors must be identified and addressed. Therefore, the obstetrician will carry out several examinations, ranging from physical examinations, blood tests, to ultrasound examinations. After it is known, then the doctor will treat it.

If you want to plan a pregnancy and have experienced 2 consecutive miscarriages, you should first check with your obstetrician. This is important to ensure that the next pregnancy can be he althy and go well.

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