Recognizing the Symptoms and Causes of Ocular Hypertension, and its Treatment

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Recognizing the Symptoms and Causes of Ocular Hypertension, and its Treatment
Recognizing the Symptoms and Causes of Ocular Hypertension, and its Treatment
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Ocular hypertension is a condition in which the pressure inside the eyeball is higher than the normal pressure. If not treated properly, people with ocular hypertension are at risk for glaucoma and vision loss

Ocular hypertension occurs due to disturbances in the eye's fluid flow system which causes fluid to accumulate in the eye and increase eye pressure. Although the process is the same, ocular hypertension is different from glaucoma. However, this condition will indeed increase the risk of glaucoma.

Recognize the Symptoms and Causes of Ocular Hypertension, and its Treatment - Alodokter

Ocular hypertension does not cause damage to the optic nerve and the patient does not experience signs of vision loss as in glaucoma. In most patients, ocular hypertension causes no symptoms at all, so this condition is often not noticed.

Causes of Ocular Hypertension

The eye has an eye fluid called aqueous humor which plays an important role in eye he alth. This fluid functions in supplying nutrients, such as vitamins, protein, glucose, and amino acids, which are needed by the eye, maintaining eye shape and size, and maintaining eye pressure.

Normally, this eye fluid is continuously produced and expelled from the eye in a balanced amount, so that eye pressure is always within normal limits. However, if fluid output is impaired and fluid is retained in the eyeball, there can be an increase in pressure inside the eye, known as ocular hypertension.

Everyone can have ocular hypertension, but the risk of developing this condition can increase if a person:

  • Has a family history of ocular hypertension and glaucoma
  • Suffering from diabetes or high blood pressure
  • Over 40 years old
  • Has a history of eye disease, such as severe nearsightedness
  • Using long-term corticosteroid drugs
  • Have you ever had an eye injury or surgery

Ocular Hypertension Treatment

The goal of treating ocular hypertension is to reduce high pressure inside the eyeball, and prevent glaucoma and damage to the optic nerve.

Generally, doctors will give eye drops to treat ocular hypertension. You need to use the drug as recommended by the doctor, so that the drug can work optimally.In some cases, the doctor may also use a laser or perform surgery to lower the pressure in the eyeball.

If the pressure in the eyeball is only slightly above normal, the doctor may not immediately initiate treatment, but only monitor eye pressure periodically.

Ocular hypertension is often unavoidable. However, if found and treated early, ocular hypertension can be treated before it progresses to glaucoma.

Therefore, if you have risk factors for suffering from ocular hypertension or a family history of glaucoma, do regular eye examinations to the doctor even if you do not feel any symptoms.

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