Risk of Pregnancy Under 20 Years Old on Mother and Baby

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Risk of Pregnancy Under 20 Years Old on Mother and Baby
Risk of Pregnancy Under 20 Years Old on Mother and Baby
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A woman who is too young during pregnancy can increase the risk of complications during pregnancy or childbirth. Come on, identify the various risks of getting pregnant under the age of 20 so that you are wiser in planning pregnancy and preventing risky complications

The ideal age for women to get pregnant is 20-30 years or in their early 30s. Undergoing a pregnancy under the age of 20 can be said to be risky because based on the anatomy of the body, the development of a woman's pelvis at that age is not yet perfect so that it can cause difficulties during childbirth.

The Risk of Getting Pregnant Under 20 Years of Age in Mothers and Babies - Alodokter

Not only physically, pregnant under the age of 20 can also affect the psychology of women who live it.

Risk of Pregnant Under 20 Years Old on Mother

Women who are pregnant under the age of 20 often receive negative stigma from their peers or the environment around them, especially if the pregnancy was unplanned.

Economic problems are also often an obstacle for women who get pregnant at a very young age because they are generally not well-established and do not have the education or skills that allow them to find work.

In addition to social and economic risks, getting pregnant under the age of 20 can also increase the risk of complications. The following are some of the possible complications:

1. Depression

Several studies show that women who get pregnant under the age of 20 are more at risk of experiencing postpartum stress or depression compared to women who get pregnant over the age of 25.

In addition, getting pregnant at a too young age or still a teenager can also increase the risk of stress, baby blues, and the desire to commit suicide. This may be due to the burdens and demands that must be faced because they are not ready to care for and care for their baby.

2. Lack of prenatal care

Pregnancy under the age of 20 can prevent a woman from getting proper prenatal care, especially if she doesn't have the support of her parents or partner.

Prenatal care or routine obstetrical examinations are very important, especially in the first month of pregnancy, so that the he alth of pregnant women and the development of the fetus in the womb can be monitored during pregnancy.

3. High blood pressure

Various studies have shown that pregnant women under the age of 20 have more hypertension and preeclampsia than pregnant women in their 20s or 30s.

If not detected early and treated properly, this condition can endanger the he alth condition of pregnant women and fetuses.

4. Anemia

Pregnancy in your teens can also increase the risk of anemia. This condition can make pregnant women feel weak and tired so that it can affect the growth and development of the fetus. This condition can also increase the risk of pregnant women who are too young to experience postpartum bleeding.

The Impact of Pregnancy for Mothers Under 20 Years Old on the Fetus

Not only affects pregnant women, complications or risks of getting pregnant under the age of 20 can also be experienced by the fetus, including:

Born prematurely

Women who are pregnant under the age of 20 have a higher risk of having a premature birth. The earlier the baby is born, the greater the risk of developmental disorders, birth defects, and respiratory and digestive function disorders in babies.

In certain cases, being pregnant under the age of 20 can also increase the risk of miscarriage or fetal death.

Low birth weight

Premature babies tend to have a lower body weight than babies born at term. This condition makes the baby vulnerable to the following things:

  • Difficulty breathing and breastfeeding to the point of requiring a ventilator and undergoing treatment in the hospital NICU
  • Learning difficulties and more prone to diabetes and heart disease as adults
  • Death while still in the womb

As a form of prevention from various risks that must be faced by pregnant women under the age of 20 years, the government of the Republic of Indonesia has changed the minimum age for marriage for women from 16 years to 19 years.

Indeed, not all pregnancies at a young age will cause the various impacts above. Some mothers who get pregnant at a young age can still give birth to babies in good he alth.

However, in general, more pregnant women at a young age are experiencing various he alth problems or complications related to pregnancy or childbirth. Therefore, if you are under 20 years old and are pregnant, check your pregnancy regularly to the obstetrician for the he alth of you and your fetus.

To support your pregnancy condition, your doctor can give you various suggestions and prescribe prenatal vitamins to keep you and your baby he althy.

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