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Types and Functions of Reproductive Hormones in Men and Women
Reproductive hormones are closely related to the he alth of one's reproductive organs. In both men and women, reproductive hormones are involved in fertility and sexuality
Reproductive hormones begin to be produced and work since entering adolescence. At that time, these hormones affect the physical changes when entering puberty, such as breasts that begin to enlarge in girls and breasts that are wider in boys.
Various Reproductive Hormones
The following are some male and female reproductive hormones that you need to know:
1. Follicle stimulating hormone (FSH)
The reproductive hormone FSH is produced in the pituitary gland, a gland in the brain the size of a pea. This hormone has an important role in a person's sexual development.
In addition to affecting physical changes when entering puberty, the female hormone FSH also has a role in the process of forming eggs in the ovaries and controlling the menstrual cycle. While in men, the FSH hormone functions to control sperm production and the development of sex organs.
2. Luteinizing hormone (LH)
The hormone LH is also produced in the pituitary gland and works complementary to the hormone FSH.In women, this reproductive hormone affects the work of the ovaries, the release of eggs (ovulation), the menstrual cycle, and fertility. In men, LH stimulates the production of testosterone, which affects a man's sperm production rate.
Testosterone levels in men are higher than women. This hormone will increase during puberty, then begin to decrease since entering the age of 30 years.
The function of the male hormone testosterone includes controlling sexual arousal, sperm production, bone density, and muscle mass, so that this hormone is able to significantly affect men's physical and emotional changes.
Meanwhile, the function of the female hormone testosterone is to control mood and sexual arousal, keep bones strong, relieve pain, and maintain the ability to think.
Estrogen levels in women are higher than men.The female hormone estrogen has an important role in sexual development during puberty. In addition, this hormone also plays a role in controlling the growth of the uterine lining during the menstrual cycle and early pregnancy, as well as regulating various metabolic processes, including bone growth and cholesterol levels.
Meanwhile, in men, one of the functions of estrogen is to control sperm he alth. However, if the estrogen level in men is too high, it can lead to decreased sperm quality and erectile dysfunction.
Reproductive hormone he alth can be maintained by adopting a he althy lifestyle, such as eating he althy and nutrient-rich foods, exercising regularly, managing stress well, and getting enough sleep.
In addition, if you still have the habit of smoking and consuming alcohol, it is recommended to start leaving it.
Imbalance in reproductive hormone levels can cause a variety of he alth problems, from obesity to osteoporosis.In women, this can be characterized by irregular menstrual cycles, while in men it can be characterized by a decrease in sexual desire.
If you experience signs of hormonal imbalance as above, please consult your doctor so that you can get an examination and treatment that suits your condition.