Table of contents:
- Types of Fats That Can Be Obtained Through MPASI
- Multiple Choices of Additional Fat Sources for MPASI
The MPASI menu should ideally contain a variety of additional nutrients that are important for baby's growth and development, including additional fat for complementary foods. To help you find out various sources of additional fat for complementary foods, see the explanation in the following article
During the first 6 months of a baby's life, fat intake can be met through exclusive breastfeeding. However, as the baby gets older, the need for fat can no longer be met only through breast milk, but also through complementary foods.
Intake of fat in MPASI can actually be obtained from high-protein foods such as meat, eggs, and fish. However, in order to meet the baby's fat and energy needs, it is still recommended to give additional fat from complementary foods.
In addition, the provision of fat and various other nutrients through complementary foods is also useful to support the growth and development of babies and increase their weight.
Types of Fats That Can Be Obtained Through MPASI
There are different types of fat that can be found in baby food, including:
Saturated fat is a type of fatty acid that is found in meat, milk, coconut milk, and dairy products such as cheese and butter. In addition, saturated fat is also widely found in cakes, potato chips, and fast food.
Saturated fat is often called bad fat because it can trigger the body to produce more bad cholesterol.
Unsaturated fat is a type of fat that is good for the body. These he althy fats are found in vegetables, eggs, and fish and fish oil. Some types of he althy fatty acids, such as omega-3 and omega-6, are some examples of he althy unsaturated fats.
The he althy fats play an important role in the baby's he alth, starting from supporting growth and development, strengthening the immune system, and maintaining the development of the baby's eyes, brain, nerves, and muscles.
Trans fats are found in offal, meat, eggs, and milk. However, this type of fat is also quite commonly found in processed foods, such as vegetable oil, margarine, or butter.
Just like saturated fat, trans fat makes the body produce more bad cholesterol. Therefore, trans fats and saturated fats tend to be considered less he althy types of fat when compared to unsaturated fats.
Multiple Choices of Additional Fat Sources for MPASI
Fat in MPASI plays an important role in adding caloric value to food. Fat also plays a role in increasing the baby's appetite and the absorption of fat-soluble vitamins, such as vitamin A, vitamin D, vitamin E, and vitamin K, in the baby's body.
For children under 2 years old, the provision of fat should not be limited, both types of saturated fat, unsaturated fat, and trans fat. Additional fat for complementary foods can be obtained from the following types of food:
1. Olive oil
Olive oil is a he althy oil that contains lots of unsaturated fats and antioxidants. So that the nutritional content of olive oil is not reduced, you should avoid using olive oil for frying or sautéing food for babies.
As an alternative, you can add olive oil to your baby's cooked food, such as porridge or team rice.
2. Coconut oil
There are 2 types of coconut oil on the market, namely virgin coconut oil (VCO) and ordinary coconut oil (refined coconut oil). The difference between the two types of oil lies in the processing process.
Coconut oil is usually produced from coconut meat which is dried, ground, and then squeezed. Meanwhile, VCO is produced from pure coconut milk. Both types of coconut oil are good to use as additional fat for complementary foods because they contain high levels of he althy fats and antioxidants.
3. Palm oil
Palm oil is generally used as cooking oil. This oil has an affordable price, is easy to obtain, and is suitable for frying or sautéing food. This oil is also good to add to solid foods to increase calories in food.
4. Coconut Milk
Coconut milk is the result of squeezing coconut meat which is high in calories so it is good to add it to MPASI.Each tablespoon of coconut milk contains 3 grams of unsaturated fat. The content and nutritional value of coconut milk make this food a cheap and he althy source of additional fat for complementary foods.
5. Canola oil
Canola oil is a type of vegetable oil made from the seeds of the Canola plant (Brassica napus). The omega-3 content in canola oil is higher than other types of oil such as olive oil, sunflower seed oil, and corn oil.
In addition, compared to other types of oil, this oil contains lower saturated fat. Canola oil should not be heated at high temperatures.
Margarine is made from plant oils such as vegetable oil, coconut oil, and palm oil. Margarine generally contains less he althy fat and more trans fat and saturated fat. However, this source of fat can still be given to babies, as long as it is not excessive.
Butter and margarine at first glance look the same, but butter is processed from milk. Butter that is sold in the market there is already added s alt (s alted butter) or without s alt (uns alted butter). Both types contain saturated fat.
However, choose butter without s alt because babies don't need a lot of s alt intake.
8. Ghee (ghee)
Ghee is a solid fat processed from butter. Ghee is processed by separating water and milk, leaving only fat. Compared to butter, ghee contains more saturated fat.
To complete your little one's nutritional intake, you can choose a variety of additional MPASI fats above. The way of serving is also very easy, you only need to add 1-2 teaspoons of oil or fat above to a portion of your baby's solid food. Mothers can also use oil or fat for sauteing or frying your little one's food.
Cheese and yogurt can also be an alternative to extra fat for complementary foods. In addition to containing fat, these dairy products also contain protein, calcium, and probiotics that are good for your little one's he alth.
Giving additional fat from complementary foods is often more recommended for babies who have less body weight. However, babies with normal weight can still be given additional fat from complementary foods to complement their nutritional needs.
If your little one is underweight or you are still hesitant to add extra fat to complementary foods, don't hesitate to consult your pediatrician to find out more about the source of additional fat for complementary foods and the right portion according to your child's nutritional needs.