Know the Meaning of Suspected Cases, Probable Cases, and Confirmed Cases and Other New Terms in COVID-19

Table of contents:

Know the Meaning of Suspected Cases, Probable Cases, and Confirmed Cases and Other New Terms in COVID-19
Know the Meaning of Suspected Cases, Probable Cases, and Confirmed Cases and Other New Terms in COVID-19
Anonim

Some time ago, the Ministry of He alth of the Republic of Indonesia has replaced several terms in handling COVID-19, including the mention of the status of ODP, PDP, and OTG, with new terms. To get to know what these new terms are, see the discussion in the following article

The outbreak of the Corona virus infection that emerged in Wuhan, China, has not yet ended. In Indonesia itself, positive cases of COVID-19 are still increasing every day since it was first confirmed in March 2020.

Know the Meaning of Suspected Cases, Probable Cases, and Confirmed Cases and Other New Terms in COVID-19 - Alodokter

Therefore, the government continues to make various efforts to overcome this disease outbreak in Indonesia. One of them is by holding more stringent surveillance or monitoring activities and making various efforts to prevent Corona virus infection in every level of society.

If you experience symptoms of Corona virus infection and require a COVID-19 examination, click the link below so you can be directed to the nearest he alth facility:

  • Rapid Antibody Test
  • Antigen Swab (Rapid Test Antigen)
  • PCR

Regarding surveillance activities, the Ministry of He alth of the Republic of Indonesia through the Decree of the Minister of He alth Number HK.01.07/Menkes/413/2020 replaced the old operational terms in handling COVID-19 with several new terms. What are these terms?

The Meaning of Suspect, Probable, Confirmation, and Various New Terms in COVID-19

The following are some of the latest terms used by the Ministry of He alth of the Republic of Indonesia in dealing with COVID-19 cases:

1. Suspect case

A person can be called a suspected COVID-19 if they have one or more of the following criteria:

  • Experiencing symptoms of respiratory tract infection (ARI), such as fever or a history of fever with a temperature above 38 degrees Celsius and one of the symptoms of respiratory disease, such as cough, shortness of breath, sore throat, and runny nose
  • Has a history of contact with people who are in the probable category or have been confirmed to have COVID-19 within the last 14 days
  • Suffering from a respiratory tract infection (ARI) with severe symptoms and needing to be treated in a hospital without a specific cause

2. Probable case

A probable case is a person who is still in the suspect category and has symptoms of severe ARI, respiratory failure, or has died, but there is no test result that confirms that he is positive for COVID-19.

To confirm or confirm a case of COVID-19, a person needs to undergo a sputum sampling or throat swab.

3. Confirmation case

Confirmed cases of COVID-19 are people who have been declared positive for the Corona virus based on the results of laboratory tests in the form of PCR. Confirmation cases can occur in people with symptoms of the Corona virus or people who do not experience symptoms at all.

4. Close contact

Close contact is a condition when a person makes contact with a person who is in the confirmed and probable category, either direct physical contact, face to face with a distance of less than 1 meter for at least 15 minutes, or caring for a person with confirmed status and probable.

5. Traveler

Everyone who travels from an area with a high number of COVID-19 cases, both at home and abroad, within the last 14 days.

6. Discarded

This term is used to describe a person with a suspect status, but the results of the PCR examination show negative results and have been carried out 2 times in a row with an interval of 2 days.

The term discarded is also used to describe the condition of a person in close contact who has completed a 14-day quarantine period.

7. Completed isolation

A person is categorized as complete isolation if he fulfills one of the following conditions:

  • Confirmed suffering from COVID-19, but without symptoms and has been in self-isolation for 10 days from the time the PCR test showed a positive result of COVID-19
  • Probable or confirmed cases with COVID-19 symptoms that have not been tested for PCR, but have completed self-isolation for 10 days from the first day the symptoms of COVID-19 appeared and have recovered from these symptoms for at least 3 days
  • Probable or confirmed cases with COVID-19 symptoms that have undergone 1 examination and the results are negative and do not show symptoms of fever or respiratory problems for at least 3 days

8. Death

Case of death due to COVID-19 is a condition when a person who is included in the probable category or has confirmed COVID-19 dies.

As we all know, COVID-19 is a disease caused by the SARS-CoV-2 virus or a new type of Corona virus that can infect the respiratory tract and cause symptoms of ARI from mild to severe.

So, if you experience symptoms of respiratory distress suspected of being COVID-19, immediately contact the hotline for handling COVID-19 in Indonesia at number 119 ext. 9 or ask the doctor directly on the ALODOKTER application

Popular topic