7 Vaccines Before Pregnancy You Need to Get

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7 Vaccines Before Pregnancy You Need to Get
7 Vaccines Before Pregnancy You Need to Get

The pre-pregnancy vaccine is important to get if you and your partner are planning to start a pregnancy program. This needs to be done because a he althy and smooth pregnancy is not only influenced by the consumption of nutritious food, but also vaccinations

During pregnancy, the immune system of pregnant women will naturally decrease. This makes pregnant women more susceptible to certain infections and diseases that can harm their he alth and that of the fetus.

7 Vaccines Before Pregnancy You Need to Get - Alodokter

Fortunately, there are now several vaccines that can protect pregnant women and fetuses from various infections. If you are currently planning to start a pregnancy program, let's identify what types of vaccines are important for you to get before getting pregnant.

List of Vaccines You Need to Get Before Pregnancy

All expectant mothers are recommended to get the following vaccines before pregnancy:

1. MMR Vaccine

The MMR vaccine is useful for protecting prospective pregnant women and fetuses from measles, mumps, and rubella. If you get rubella while pregnant, it can cause miscarriage or birth defects in the fetus.

Mumps is also important to prevent because this disease can cause problems to the fetus, such as hearing loss or deafness, meningitis, brain swelling, respiratory problems, and miscarriage.

Meanwhile, measles can cause lung infection (pneumonia), brain damage, and even death. After getting the MMR vaccine, it is recommended that you wait at least 4 weeks before starting the program to get pregnant.

2. Influenza Vaccine

Before getting pregnant, you are also advised to get the influenza vaccine to protect you and your fetus from getting flu easily. However, if you are already pregnant, you can get an influenza vaccine made from a killed flu virus, not a live attenuated flu virus.

3. Varicella (chickenpox) vaccine

You need to get the varicella vaccine before you get pregnant if you have never had the varicella vaccine or have had chickenpox before. Chickenpox is a highly contagious disease. If a pregnant woman catches chickenpox early in pregnancy, the fetus will be at high risk for congenital birth defects.

Meanwhile, if a pregnant woman catches chickenpox at the time of delivery or in the last trimester of pregnancy, this disease is at risk of causing severe chickenpox infection in the baby after he is born.

Just like the MMR vaccine, you are also advised to wait about 4 weeks before trying to get pregnant after getting the chickenpox vaccine.

4. Human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine

This pre-pregnancy vaccine is able to prevent HPV infection and other HPV-related diseases, such as cervical cancer. The HPV vaccine is recommended for those who are 26 years old or under 26 years old but have had sex.

To date, no association has been found between HPV and miscarriage, premature birth, or other complications of pregnancy. However, HPV infection can be passed from mother to newborn during delivery, although this is rare.

Newborns infected with HPV are at risk of developing a benign tumor in the larynx called laryngeal papillomatosis. While in pregnant women, HPV infection can cause genital warts and cervical cancer.

HPV infection in the birth canal also carries the risk of making delivery more difficult, so doctors may need to perform a cesarean section to help deliver the baby.

5. Pneumococcal Vaccine

You are advised to get the pneumococcal vaccine or PCV before getting pregnant to prevent diseases caused by pneumococcal bacterial infections, such as pneumonia, meningitis, and bacteremia.

You also need to get this pre-pregnancy vaccine if you previously smoked a lot or suffered from certain diseases such as diabetes, heart and lung disease, or chronic kidney failure.

6. Hepatitis B vaccine

Getting a full hepatitis B vaccine before or during pregnancy can protect you and your baby from hepatitis B during pregnancy.

If you have hepatitis B during pregnancy, the disease can be transmitted to the fetus. As a result, the fetus can experience serious he alth problems, such as liver damage or miscarriage. The fetus is also at risk of being born with hepatitis B.

7. TDaP Vaccine

The TDaP vaccine can protect you and your baby from tetanus, diphtheria, and whooping cough (pertussis). This vaccine can be given before pregnancy or after 20 weeks of pregnancy.

If you are planning to get pregnant, don't forget to get various vaccines before getting pregnant above. To determine what type of vaccine you need to get before getting pregnant along with the dose and schedule for administration, you can consult with your obstetrician.

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