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Pneumonia drugs are used to treat infections and prevent complications of pneumonia. Pneumonia medication is generally adjusted to the type and severity of pneumonia. This is important so that the treatment can be effective
Pneumonia is an inflammation of the lungs caused by a bacterial, viral, or fungal infection. This condition, also known as pneumonia, is characterized by one or both lungs filling with fluid or pus. When experiencing pneumonia, a person may experience symptoms of cough, fever, chills, fatigue, chest pain, and shortness of breath.
Pneumonia is generally more at risk for infants and children, the elderly, and people who have weak immune systems, for example due to side effects of chemotherapy, diabetes, or HIV/AIDS.
Several Types of Pneumonia Medications According to the Cause
Pneumonia is a disease that needs to be treated by a doctor. When you feel the symptoms of pneumonia, you should immediately consult a doctor so that the doctor can determine the type of pneumonia drug that is right for you.
In diagnosing pneumonia and determining the cause, the doctor will perform a physical examination and supporting examinations such as blood tests, chest X-rays, to examination of sputum or sputum culture, if necessary.
After the diagnosis of pneumonia is confirmed and the cause is known, the doctor can treat pneumonia with the following drugs:
Pneumonia is most often caused by a bacterial infection. Pneumonia caused by a bacterial infection can be treated with antibiotics, such as azithromycin, clarithromycin, levofloxacin, ceftriaxone, penicillin, or doxycycline.
The choice of antibiotics used needs to be adjusted to the type of germ that causes pneumonia. Antibiotics can be given by a doctor in oral medicinal preparations, such as tablets and capsules, or by injection.
To treat severe pneumonia, doctors will generally advise the patient to undergo treatment in a hospital and the doctor can give antibiotics in the form of an injection through an IV.
2. Antiviral drugs
The influenza virus is the most common cause of pneumonia in adults. Meanwhile, respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is the most common cause of pneumonia in infants and children. However, in some cases, pneumonia can also be caused by infection with the Corona virus (COVID-19).
Pneumonia caused by a viral infection usually lasts a shorter time than pneumonia due to a bacterial infection. Pneumonia caused by a virus usually goes away on its own in a few days or weeks, but this condition still needs to be checked by a doctor.
To treat pneumonia due to a viral infection, the doctor may recommend that the patient undergo treatment in a hospital so that the patient's condition can be monitored properly.
If needed, your doctor may prescribe antiviral drugs, such as oseltamivir, zanamivir, ribavirin, or faviriparis to treat pneumonia caused by a viral infection.
3. Antifungal medicine
Pneumonia due to yeast infection generally occurs in someone with a weakened immune system, for example in people with HIV/AIDS or people undergoing chemotherapy.
Pneumonia due to fungal infection needs to be treated with pneumonia drugs in the form of antifungals, such as sulfamethoxazole, trimethoprim, voriconazale, or amphotericin B.
4. cough medicine
Pneumonia often causes coughing and increased fluid or phlegm in the lungs. To overcome these complaints, doctors can prescribe cough medicine or phlegm thinners as pneumonia medicine.
By reducing coughing, you can rest more comfortably so you can recover faster from pneumonia.
5. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)
When you get pneumonia, a person will experience inflammation in his lungs. This inflammation can cause fever and chest pain. To overcome these complaints, doctors can prescribe non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs).
The types of NSAIDs that can be used to treat symptoms of fever and chest pain due to pneumonia are paracetamol and ibuprofen.
However, the effectiveness and safety of this pneumonia drug still needs to be investigated further because several studies have stated that NSAIDs are not safe to be given to people with pneumonia.
This pneumonia drug is not a drug that is routinely used to treat pneumonia. Corticosteroids are generally only used in the short term to treat severe pneumonia.
Several studies suggest that giving corticosteroids to patients with severe pneumonia can reduce the risk of death from pneumonia. However, the type and dose of corticosteroid drugs used must be adjusted according to the doctor's prescription and advice.
7. Oxygen therapy
Severe pneumonia can cause sufferers to experience shortness of breath and lack of oxygen. If this is the case, people with severe pneumonia need to be hospitalized. While undergoing treatment at the hospital, the doctor will give pneumonia medicines as well as oxygen therapy, if needed.
This therapy is done to help people with pneumonia maintain oxygen levels in their bloodstream. Oxygen therapy can be given through a tube or oxygen mask.
However, in cases of severe pneumonia when the patient can no longer breathe spontaneously, the doctor may provide breathing assistance through a ventilator.
Tips During Pneumonia Treatment
In addition to taking medicines according to the doctor's prescription, you can carry out the following suggestions while undergoing treatment for pneumonia:
Take medicine regularly according to doctor's prescription
During the recovery period at home, make sure you take your pneumonia medicines as directed by your doctor. Avoid stopping treatment, even if your symptoms have improved.
If pneumonia medication is used incorrectly or not according to the doctor's instructions, this can cause pneumonia to recur.
During your recovery, get plenty of rest and avoid doing strenuous physical activity until your condition is fully recovered and declared cured by a doctor.Don't forget to always meet your fluid needs by drinking enough water and eating nutritious foods so you can recover quickly.
Keep the air quality inside the house
To prevent irritation and inflammation from getting worse in the lungs due to pneumonia, you are advised to stay away from pollution, such as cigarette smoke or dust. Always keep the cleanliness and quality of the air in the house so that you can breathe more comfortably and the pneumonia you experience can heal faster.
In addition, don't forget to get used to always washing your hands after coughing or sneezing, using the bathroom, and before or after eating to prevent the spread of viruses or bacteria that cause pneumonia.
Regardless of the type, pneumonia is a condition that needs to be treated by a doctor. If not treated properly, pneumonia is at risk for dangerous complications, such as sepsis, respiratory failure, or even death.
Therefore, if you experience symptoms of pneumonia, immediately consult a doctor so that the doctor can take action and prescribe the right pneumonia medicine for you.