Table of contents:
- The Cause of Vitamin D Deficiency
- Some Symptoms of Vitamin D Deficiency
- Steps for Handling and Preventing Vitamin D Deficiency
Symptoms of vitamin D deficiency often go unnoticed. In fact, if left untreated, this condition can increase the risk of certain diseases, ranging from bone disorders to infections. Therefore, the symptoms of vitamin D deficiency need to be recognized as early as possible, here are the causes
Everyone's vitamin D needs are different depending on their age. In infants, the intake of vitamin D that needs to be met every day is 10 mcg (400 IU). Meanwhile, the need for vitamin D in children and adults is 15 mcg (600 IU) per day and the elderly is around 20 mcg (800 IU) per day.
Vitamin D can be produced by the body with the help of sun exposure, and can also be obtained from foods, such as fish, fish oil, beef liver, cheese, eggs, mushrooms, and milk that has been fortified with vitamin D. can be obtained through supplements.
When a person rarely eats these foods or is exposed to less sunlight, he or she is at risk for vitamin D deficiency or deficiency.
The Cause of Vitamin D Deficiency
In the body, vitamin D is used to maintain he althy bones and help absorb calcium. The amount of vitamin D levels in the body is regulated by the parathyroid glands.
In people who do not have certain medical conditions and routinely lead a he althy lifestyle, vitamin D deficiency is actually quite rare. However, there are several factors that can increase a person's risk of developing a vitamin D deficiency, including:
- Not consuming foods that contain vitamin D, for example due to an extreme diet
- Less or infrequent exposure to sunlight
- dark skin tone
- Certain diseases or medical conditions, such as hyperparathyroidism, osteoporosis, liver and kidney damage, tuberculosis, cancer, and digestive disorders, such as Crohn's disease and celiac disease
- Side effects of drugs, such as anticonvulsants, cholesterol-lowering drugs cholestyramine, corticosteroids, antifungals, and HIV treatment
Some Symptoms of Vitamin D Deficiency
Symptoms of vitamin D deficiency are often invisible and not even felt by sufferers. Therefore, many sufferers do not realize that their body lacks vitamin D.
Sometimes, a vitamin D deficiency is also only detected through a blood test when a person undergoes a medical examination to a doctor.
Although there are no specific symptoms, symptoms can sometimes appear when the body is deficient in vitamin D. The following are some of the symptoms of vitamin D deficiency:
1. Tired easily
Low levels of vitamin D in the body can make the body tired faster and lack energy. Therefore, people who are deficient in vitamin D tend to look sluggish and don't do much activity because they feel their body lacks energy.
2. Bone and muscle pain
Several studies show that one of the most common symptoms of vitamin D deficiency is bone and muscle pain, especially in the neck and back. Vitamin D deficiency can also cause muscle weakness and muscle cramps.
3. Porous bones
Vitamin D deficiency can cause the amount of calcium in the body to decrease. This can make the bones become porous. When the bones are porous, a person can feel symptoms in the form of bone pain, bones breaking easily, or changes in body posture.
4. Longer wound healing
Wound healing after surgery or an accident that takes longer than usual, can be a sign of vitamin D deficiency. This is because vitamin D affects the production of chemical compounds in the body that play a role in the wound healing process.
5. Often sick
Vitamin D plays an important role in maintaining the immune system by supporting the work of white blood cells. This is why people who are deficient in vitamin D tend to get sick more easily. Several studies show that people who are deficient in vitamin D are more likely to get infections, such as ARI, flu, bronchitis, pneumonia, and diarrhea.
6. Mood changes
One of the symptoms of vitamin D deficiency is mood swings. People who are deficient in vitamin D will often look sad or gloomy. This is thought to be one of the factors that causes people who are deficient in vitamin D tend to get tired easily.
If not treated immediately, vitamin D deficiency can cause a person to develop a condition called osteomalacia. While in children, vitamin D deficiency can cause a bone disorder called rickets. This condition can make the child's body shorter.
In addition, vitamin D deficiency can also increase the risk of certain diseases, ranging from osteoporosis, autoimmune diseases, heart disease, diabetes, to cancer.
Steps for Handling and Preventing Vitamin D Deficiency
Vitamin D deficiency symptoms can be overcome by always meeting the intake of vitamin D every day. The easiest way you can do is to regularly sunbathe in the morning, before 10 am to be exact. In addition, vitamin D deficiency can also be overcome by increasing the consumption of foods containing vitamin D.
If needed, you can also use vitamin D supplements to meet your vitamin D needs. However, it is best to consult your doctor first so that you can determine the appropriate dose for your condition.
If you experience symptoms of vitamin D deficiency, especially if you are rarely exposed to the sun or have certain medical conditions that put you at risk for vitamin D deficiency, consult a doctor for treatment.