The Difference Between Myoma and Cyst You Need to Know

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The Difference Between Myoma and Cyst You Need to Know
The Difference Between Myoma and Cyst You Need to Know

Some people may not know the difference between fibroids and cysts. In fact, not a few who consider the two as the same condition. In fact, fibroids and cysts have different causes and treatment methods

The difference between fibroids and cysts can generally be seen from their shape and location. Myoma is a benign growth of cells from the muscle wall of the uterus, while a cyst is a lump that can grow in almost any part of the body, including the ovaries.

The Difference Between Myoma and Cyst You Need to Know - Alodokter

This is what makes it difficult for most people to distinguish between fibroids and cysts, especially if the cysts grow on the ovaries. In contrast to fibroids, which are generally solid, cysts are more like sacs that can contain blood, pus, air, or body tissue.

The Difference Between Mioma and Cyst Based on the Cause

The cause of myomas and cysts is not known for certain. However, there are several factors that are thought to increase a person's risk of experiencing both conditions, including:


Genetic or hereditary factors also influence the appearance of fibroids or cysts. This means that you have the potential to develop fibroids or cysts if you have a sibling, mother, grandmother, or other blood family member who has a history of fibroids or cysts.


The hormones estrogen and progesterone which are produced in excess in the ovaries can trigger the growth of fibroids. Meanwhile, ovarian cysts, for example in PCOS, are more at risk in women who have high androgen hormone levels.

The age of the first menstruation is too early

The formation of myoma is also related to the age at the time of the first menstruation in women. Several studies have shown that women who menstruate too early or before the age of 10 have a higher risk of developing fibroids.

Myomas or cysts are generally harmless, but this condition can sometimes cause annoying complaints. In certain cases, cysts can also cause other he alth problems, such as infection, inflammation, or impaired function of the organ where the cyst appears.

The Difference Between Mioma and Cyst Based on the Symptoms

The growth of fibroids and cysts often does not show any symptoms, especially if they are small in size or in small numbers. Symptoms of fibroids generally depend on the location of the cyst or myoma, its size, and the number of fibroids that form.

However, in certain cases, the onset of fibroids can be characterized by bleeding from the vagina, pelvic pain, abdominal pain, pain during sexual intercourse or menstruation, and frequent urination. Sometimes, fibroids can also make it difficult for women to get pregnant.

The symptoms of a cyst can also vary greatly, depending on the location where the cyst appears. Just like fibroids, cysts are usually benign and do not always cause typical symptoms. However, cysts can sometimes cause certain symptoms, such as pain or a lump where the cyst grows.

Therefore, to determine whether you have fibroids or cysts, you need to go to a doctor for an examination.

Myoma and Cyst Treatment

Once you are diagnosed with fibroids or cysts, the doctor can perform several treatments.

For fibroids and cysts that are small and do not cause symptoms, doctors will generally only monitor the condition and ask you to undergo regular he alth checks (watchful waiting).

However, if it is causing severe symptoms or causing certain he alth problems, such as anemia due to frequent vaginal bleeding, pain, or difficulty getting pregnant, the doctor may treat you with fibroids or cysts.

To get rid of myoma, the doctor will give you drugs, such as birth control pills. If the fibroids get bigger or more numerous, your doctor may suggest surgical removal of the fibroids. Meanwhile, treatment for cysts can generally only be done through surgery or surgery.

Myoma and cyst are two different conditions, but sometimes the symptoms can be similar and are generally benign. However, this condition should not be taken lightly because it has the potential to cause other he alth problems.

Therefore, you need to undergo regular he alth checks to the doctor to determine whether there are fibroids or cysts in your body, especially if you have symptoms or experience certain complaints. If myoma or cyst is detected, the doctor can immediately take appropriate treatment.

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