Recognizing the Symptoms and Causes of Anemia Gravis, and its Treatment

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Recognizing the Symptoms and Causes of Anemia Gravis, and its Treatment
Recognizing the Symptoms and Causes of Anemia Gravis, and its Treatment
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Anemia gravis is a severe type of anemia. This condition is characterized by very low hemoglobin levels, which are less than 8 g/dL, so the sufferer usually requires blood transfusions

In anemia gravis, the cells in the body do not get enough oxygen to carry out their normal functions. As a result, sufferers not only experience severe symptoms of anemia, but are also at risk for serious complications, such as organ damage.

Recognize the Symptoms and Causes of Anemia Gravis, and Its Treatment - Alodokter

Symptoms of Anemia Gravis

The symptoms of anemia gravis are generally the same as the symptoms of ordinary anemia. However, in this condition, the severity of the symptoms is getting worse. The following are some of the symptoms that can be experienced by people suffering from anemia gravis:

  • Shortness of breath
  • Weakness or fatigue
  • Heart pounding
  • Dizzy
  • Pain in chest, stomach and joints
  • Skin looks paler
  • Cold hands and feet

The above symptoms may appear slowly and initially are not noticed by the sufferer.

Causes of Anemia Gravis

Three main things that can cause anemia gravis are decreased production of red blood cells, destruction of red blood cells, and loss of large amounts of blood volume. Here is the explanation:

Decreased production of red blood cells

The decrease in the production of red blood cells in people with anemia gravis is generally triggered by a severe disease that lasts for a long time, such as cancer, HIV/AIDS, stage 5 kidney failure, or hypothyroidism.

However, decreased production of red blood cells can also occur due to severe nutritional deficiencies, especially the nutrients needed to produce red blood cells. The most common condition is iron deficiency anemia.

In addition, the damage that occurs to the spinal cord can also make the body no longer able to produce red blood cells optimally. This condition can result from infection, autoimmune disease, side effects of medications, or exposure to toxic chemicals.

Destruction of red blood cells

Anemia gravis can also occur when red blood cells are destroyed faster than the cells formed by the body. Things like this can be experienced by people with autoimmune diseases or diseases caused by genetic disorders, such as thalassemia.

Excessive blood loss

In addition to disorders of red blood cells, anemia gravis can also occur due to heavy bleeding. Examples of external factors that can cause bleeding are accidents that make blood vessels break. While examples of internal factors that can cause bleeding are rupture of blood vessels due to esophageal varices or aortic dissection.

Treatment of Anemia Gravis

If anemia gravis has reached a hemoglobin level of < 7 g/dL, the doctor will prioritize giving blood transfusions so that the patient's condition can be stable. After that, the doctor will treat the underlying disease of anemia gravis.

For example, if anemia gravis is caused by bleeding, treatment to stop the bleeding should be done as soon as possible.

If anemia gravis is caused by the destruction of red blood cells triggered by an autoimmune disease, the doctor will prescribe immunosuppressant drugs to suppress the immune system, and provide iron and folic acid supplements to stimulate the production of red blood cells.

In addition, people with anemia gravis may also need a bone marrow transplant or transplant if their bone marrow can no longer produce he althy red blood cells.

Anemia gravis is a serious condition that must be treated and the cause found. If not treated properly and as early as possible, anemia gravis risks causing dangerous complications, ranging from heart failure to death.

Therefore, don't underestimate the symptoms of anemia gravis. If you experience any of these symptoms, immediately consult a doctor to get the right treatment.

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