This is the Importance of Normal Platelet Count in Blood

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This is the Importance of Normal Platelet Count in Blood
This is the Importance of Normal Platelet Count in Blood
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The normal number of platelets in the blood is around 150,000–450,000 platelets per microliter of blood. If this amount is too low or too high, this could be a sign of a he alth problem

Platelets are also called blood platelets which play an important role in the blood clotting process. In addition, platelets are also often used to detect abnormalities and diagnose various diseases caused by disorders of blood clotting.

This is the Importance of Normal Platelet Count in Blood - Alodokter

When the platelet count is too low or too high, various processes that take place in the body will be disrupted and trigger various he alth problems.

Normal Platelet Count in Blood

Platelets can be found in the blood and spleen. These blood cells are colorless and have a life cycle of only 10 days. However, the body will continue to renew its supply of platelets by producing new platelets in the bone marrow.

When there is an injury, the platelets will clot to stop the bleeding. After the bleeding stops, the wound will gradually heal and heal. If you don't have enough platelets in your blood, it will be difficult for your body to stop bleeding when you are injured.

As previously mentioned, the normal platelet count in the body is around 150,000–450,000 platelets per microliter of blood. If the platelet count is less than 150,000 per microliter of blood, it means that your platelet count is too low.

On the other hand, if the platelet count is more than 450,000 per microliter of blood, you are considered to have high platelets.

Causes and Symptoms of Low Platelets

The condition when the number of platelets in the body is reduced or too low is known as thrombocytopenia. If the platelet count is too low, the body will find it difficult to stop bleeding if an injury occurs.

The decrease in the number of platelets can be caused by several things, such as:

  • Aplastic anemia
  • Chronic liver disease
  • Idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP)
  • Vitamin B12 and folic acid deficiency
  • Infections, such as sepsis and dengue hemorrhagic fever
  • Leukemia
  • Autoimmune disorders
  • Pregnancy
  • Side effects of certain drugs, such as antibiotics, blood thinners, epilepsy drugs, and chemotherapy

A decreased platelet count may have no symptoms. However, this condition can be seen when the body is prone to bleeding.

Low platelet count can make you experience several symptoms, such as easy bruising or bruising on the skin, a reddish-purple rash on the skin, blood in the urine or stools, easy fatigue, yellow skin and eyes, enlarged spleen, frequent nosebleeds, and bleeding from the gums.

If you experience any of the above symptoms, don't hesitate to consult a doctor immediately. To determine the diagnosis and evaluate the number of platelets in the body, the doctor will perform a physical examination and supporting examination in the form of a blood test.

If you are diagnosed with a decreased platelet count, the doctor will provide treatment in the form of blood transfusions, administration of drugs, and adjustment of the dose of drugs consumed.

If other treatment methods cannot normalize the platelet count, surgical removal of the spleen will be recommended by the doctor.

Causes and Symptoms of High Platelets

In addition to a low platelet count, you can also experience an increase in the number of platelets in your blood. In medical terms, this condition is referred to as thrombocytosis. High levels of platelets in the blood can occur due to the following:

  • Injuries or wounds that cause bleeding
  • Blood disorders, such as hemolytic anemia, iron deficiency anemia, and polycythemia vera
  • Infections, eg tuberculosis
  • Cancer, eg leukemia
  • History of surgery to remove the spleen

In addition, your platelet count may also increase due to several other conditions, such as postoperative recovery, smoking habits, and excessive alcohol consumption.

Thrombocytosis often causes no symptoms. However, this condition can sometimes cause a person to experience headaches, dizziness, chest pain, and numbness or tingling in the hands and feet.

The number of platelets that are too high can cause blood to clot easily or clot, thus clogging blood vessels. This can lead to serious complications, such as stroke, heart attack, and mesenteric ischemia syndrome.

The increase in platelet count caused by injury or injury, including surgical wounds, will usually return to normal after the wound heals. However, if it is caused by certain diseases or medical conditions, the increase in platelet count needs to be treated according to the cause.

Normal platelet count is important to pay attention to to ensure the body's ability to deal with wounds naturally. If you experience some of the symptoms that refer to a platelet count abnormality, immediately consult a doctor to get the right treatment.

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