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Bloody bowel movements are a condition that cannot be underestimated. This condition needs to be treated by giving the right bloody stool medication according to the cause. The reason is, bloody stools can indicate a serious problem in the digestive tract or system
Bloody bowel movements are generally characterized by the presence of blood in the stool or when you wipe the anal area after defecating.
The appearance of blood in the stool generally indicates that there is bleeding in your digestive tract, especially the lower digestive tract, namely the large intestine, rectum and anus.
Colors and Causes of Bloody CHAPTER
The color and appearance of blood that comes out during defecation can indicate the location of bleeding in the digestive tract, namely:
Bright red blood that appears on the surface of the stool indicates that there is bleeding in the large intestine, rectum, or anus. This condition can be caused by:
- Anal fissure
- Intestinal polyps or colon cancer
- Intestinal infection
- Disorders of intestinal blood vessels
- Inflammatory bowel disease, such as Crohn's disease or ulcerative colitis
- Sexually transmitted diseases
Dark red or maroon
Blood stools that are dark red or maroon mixed with feces usually indicate bleeding in the large intestine or small intestine. This condition can be caused by colitis, diverticular disease, or an intestinal tumor.
Chapter with black blood (melena) and an unpleasant smell indicates bleeding or sores in the esophagus, stomach, or duodenum. This condition can be caused by several things, including:
- Varicose veins in the esophagus and stomach due to cirrhosis of the liver
- Mallory-Weiss Syndrome
- Cancer of the esophagus, stomach, or duodenum
- Inflammation of the stomach or gastritis
- Bleeding peptic ulcer
- Blood supply to the intestines is cut off
Usually, people who experience bloody stools will experience symptoms such as abdominal pain, vomiting, weakness, difficulty breathing, diarrhea, fainting, and weight loss. However, it depends on the cause, severity, and location where the bleeding occurs.
Bloody CHAPTER Treatment
If you experience bloody stools, immediately consult a gastroenterologist for proper diagnosis and treatment based on the underlying cause.
To determine the cause of bloody stools, the doctor will perform a physical examination and supporting examinations which include colonoscopy, gastric endoscopy, examination of blood and feces, as well as X-rays and CT scans of the digestive organs.
Once the cause of the bloody stool you are experiencing is known, the doctor may recommend treatment in the form of:
Giving bloody defecation medicine
The administration of drugs to treat bloody stools is adjusted to the cause. There are several types of bloody defecation drugs that can be given by doctors, including:
- Antibiotic drugs to treat pylori infection and bacterial infections in the large intestine
- Corticosteroid anti-inflammatory drugs to treat intestinal inflammation
- Hemorrhoids creams and remedies to treat hemorrhoids
- Chemotherapy to treat colon cancer
In addition to medication for bloody stools, doctors can also perform surgery to remove polyps or the presence of damaged parts of the colon due to colon cancer, diverticulitis, or inflammatory bowel disease.
Doctors will also generally advise you to make lifestyle changes by eating more fibrous foods and drinking more water so that your stools become soft and the defecation process is smoother.
In addition, diligently eating fiber and drinking enough water are also useful for preventing and alleviating constipation and anal fissures.
In severe bloody stools, bleeding has the potential to cause hypovolemic shock due to large amounts of blood loss. This dangerous condition needs to be treated in a hospital immediately.
Doctors will provide fluid therapy through IVs and blood transfusions as soon as possible. During treatment, the patient's condition will be monitored closely by the doctor.
If you experience discolored stools or bloody stools, immediately consult a doctor for proper treatment and medication for bloody stools.