Stages of Typhoid Symptoms and How to Overcome Them

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Stages of Typhoid Symptoms and How to Overcome Them
Stages of Typhoid Symptoms and How to Overcome Them
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Types of typhus generally appear gradually over a period of several weeks. If not treated immediately, typhoid symptoms can get worse, and can even lead to serious complications

The symptoms of typhoid are caused by a bacterial infection with Salmonoella typhi. This infection generally occurs due to consumption of food or drink that has been contaminated with these bacteria.

Stages of Typhoid Symptoms and How to Overcome Them - Alodokter

Both children and adults can get typhus, especially in developing countries due to poor sanitation.

Some Symptoms of Typhoid Based on the Course of the Disease

Typhoid symptoms usually appear 1-2 weeks after being infected with Salmonella typhi bacteria. The following are some of the symptoms of typhoid as the disease progresses in a matter of weeks:

1st week

In the first week, there are some common typhus symptoms, including:

  • Fever with body temperature that fluctuates and tends to increase at night
  • Headache
  • dry cough
  • Not feeling well
  • Nosebleed

If not treated, the symptoms of typhoid above can get worse and continue for the next week.

2nd week

People who experience typhoid symptoms in the second week of the disease course, may experience the following symptoms:

  • High fever up to 39–40°Celsius that gets worse in the afternoon or evening
  • Skin rash or red spots on the chest and lower abdomen
  • Body shivering and limp
  • stomach ache
  • Loss of appetite
  • Muscle pain
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Digestive disorders, such as diarrhea or constipation

In this week, typhoid can also cause the stomach to feel bloated and enlarged due to swelling of the liver or spleen.

3rd week

In the third week, untreated typhoid symptoms can get worse. At this time, typhoid sufferers can also experience several other symptoms such as:

  • Fever
  • Weight loss
  • Body very weak
  • Diarrhea with greenish stools

Symptoms of fever, decreased appetite, and nausea and vomiting can also get worse and have the potential to cause dehydration. In some cases, the symptoms of typhoid in the 3rd week can also be accompanied by delirium or severe confusion and restlessness.

4th week

This week, the fever is starting to subside but medical treatment is still needed. In some patients, typhoid symptoms can reappear within 2 weeks after the fever subsides.

In this week to several months or even years after, some people who have recovered from typhoid can become carriers of S. typhi bacteria. This means they can transmit the bacteria to other people even though their bodies are free from typhoid symptoms.

The risk of a person becoming a carrier of S. typhi germs will be higher, if he does not get the right treatment.

Steps for Handling Diseases and Symptoms of Typhoid

If you experience various typhus symptoms that have been mentioned above, immediately go to the doctor or go to the nearest hospital to undergo an examination and get the right treatment.

To diagnose typhoid, the doctor will perform a physical examination and supporting examinations consisting of blood tests, urine tests, Widal tests, and blood or stool cultures.

If the results of the examination show that you are suffering from typhoid, the doctor can provide several treatments in the form of:

Medications

To treat the bacterial infection that is causing your typhoid symptoms, your doctor may prescribe antibiotics, such as ciprofloxacin, azithromycin, chloramphenicol, or ceftriaxone, for 7–14 days.

Typhoid symptoms will usually begin to improve within 2-3 days after taking antibiotics. Even so, antibiotics must be taken until they run out so that the bacteria that cause typhus can be completely removed from the body.

In addition, doctors can also prescribe fever-reducing drugs, such as paracetamol. This drug can also be used to reduce symptoms of pain in the body that arise due to typhus. In cases of severe typhus or causing severe symptoms, the doctor will also give corticosteroid drugs.

fluid therapy

Typhus sufferers are at high risk for dehydration due to high fever, decreased appetite, and prolonged diarrhea. Therefore, the doctor will advise you to eat enough and drink plenty of water so you don't become dehydrated.

If the symptoms of typhoid are severe, such as difficulty eating and drinking, persistent vomiting, severe diarrhea, or swollen stomach, the doctor will also give you antibiotics and intravenous fluid therapy to prevent nutritional deficiencies. and dehydration.

Operation

Surgery may be necessary if you experience life-threatening complications of typhoid, such as severe bleeding or tearing of the digestive tract. Even so, this complication is relatively rare if the typhoid symptoms you experience have been treated properly early on.

If treated immediately, typhoid symptoms can improve quickly within 3-5 days. However, you also need to undergo treatment and rest for 1-2 weeks until you are declared completely cured by the doctor.

On the other hand, if typhoid is not treated properly, you may experience symptoms that get worse and persist for a long time for weeks or months.

Therefore, don't hesitate to go to a doctor or hospital if you experience typhus symptoms as mentioned above. If you quickly get treatment from a doctor, you can recover faster from typhus and avoid various complications.

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