Overcome Cough That Won't Get Rid With This Drug

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Overcome Cough That Won't Get Rid With This Drug
Overcome Cough That Won't Get Rid With This Drug
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Cough that doesn't go away or chronic cough can be experienced by anyone. A cough is considered chronic if it lasts 8 weeks or more in adults and at least 4 weeks in children. This condition needs to be watched out for because it can be a sign of a serious illness

Cough is the body's natural response to germs or foreign objects that enter the respiratory tract and cause irritation. When you cough, your body will expel germs or foreign objects along with mucus or saliva splashes. Therefore, coughing is actually a protective mechanism of the body.

Overcome Cough That Won't Go Away With This Drug - Alodokter

It's just that, if the cough occurs for a long time to weeks or even months, it needs to be watched out for. Because a cough that doesn't go away or a chronic cough can be a sign of a serious he alth problem.

Common Symptoms of Cough That Won't Heal

Cough that doesn't go away not only makes the sufferer disturbed during activities. This condition can also interfere with sleep and cause the sufferer's body to feel weak. When it is classified as severe, the cough does not go away and can even cause dizziness, vomiting, and coughing up blood.

In addition to the above complaints, chronic cough is also often accompanied by the following symptoms:

  • Hoarse voice
  • Sore throat
  • Shortness of breath
  • heartburn
  • Sour taste in mouth
  • Runny nose or stuffy nose
  • You feel mucus dripping behind your nose into your throat

The Cause of Cough That Won't Heal

Chronic cough can be caused by various things. The following are the five most common causes of a persistent cough:

Smoking

Cigarettes and their smoke are one of the most common factors causing chronic cough and a number of other he alth problems. This is because cigarettes contain thousands of chemicals and at least 70 of them can trigger cancer.

Smoking can also cause the function of the cilia in the respiratory tract to be disrupted, so they are unable to push chemicals or foreign substances out of the lungs. Cilia are structures resembling fine hairs that run along the respiratory tract and function to filter foreign objects and germs.

Asthma

If you have asthma, a chronic cough can occur when you are often exposed to triggers for asthma symptoms, such as germs or viruses that cause respiratory infections, cold air, certain chemicals, smoke, and dust. Chronic cough caused by asthma is usually accompanied by shortness of breath.

Infection

In adults, the most common types of infection that cause chronic cough are pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) and whooping cough (pertussis). However, a cough that doesn't go away can also be caused by various upper respiratory infections, such as the flu, cold, or pneumonia.

In addition to infection, chronic cough can also be caused by various other diseases, such as lung cancer, heart failure, chronic bronchitis, and the use of blood pressure-lowering drugs.

GERD (gastroesophageal reflux)

GERD is a condition where stomach acid rises into the esophagus. This can irritate the esophagus and cause a persistent cough that recurs.

Postnasal drip

Postnasal drip is a condition when the nose or sinus cavities produce too much mucus. This excess mucus can run down the back of the throat and trigger a cough reflex that doesn't go away.

To find out the cause of a chronic cough, you need to see a doctor. The doctor will perform a physical examination and supporting examinations, such as blood tests, sputum cultures, pulmonary function tests, X-rays, CT scans, or bronchoscopy, to determine the cause of your persistent cough.

Chronic Cough Medicine to Treat Cough That Won't Heal

Treatment of cough that does not go away or chronic cough is different for each person and must be adjusted to the cause. Therefore, if you have a chronic cough, check with your doctor so that the cause can be identified.

After knowing the cause of your chronic cough, the doctor will provide the appropriate treatment. For example, if your persistent cough is caused by smoking, your doctor will advise you to quit smoking.

However, if the cough you are experiencing is caused by an illness, the doctor will provide treatment to overcome the disease, as well as giving medicines to relieve coughing.

The following is a selection of medicines that doctors can prescribe to treat chronic cough:

1. Antitussive

If the type of cough is a dry cough, the cough medicine that is generally given is an antitussive. Antitussive drugs work by inhibiting the cough reflex in the brain, so that the stimulus for coughing can be reduced or temporarily stopped.

There are antitussive drugs that require a doctor's prescription, but there are also those that are sold freely at pharmacies. If you want to use an antitussive cough medicine, choose a product that is sugar-free and does not contain alcohol. However, it is better if you consult with your doctor before using it.

2. Expectorant

Expectorant cough medicine is used to treat cough with phlegm. This drug works by thinning phlegm to make it easier to expel from the respiratory tract. Expectorant cough medicine can be used to treat chronic cough with phlegm.

3. Inhaled bronchodilator

Inhaled bronchodilators can be used to treat chronic coughs caused by asthma. This drug is able to widen the narrowed airways when asthma symptoms recur, so you can breathe easier.

To relieve swelling in the airways due to asthma, doctors may also prescribe corticosteroid anti-inflammatory drugs.

4. Antibiotics

Antibiotics can only be obtained according to a doctor's prescription. This medication should be used to treat chronic coughs caused by bacterial infections, such as pertussis or pneumonia.

If it is caused by pulmonary TB, the doctor will prescribe anti-tuberculosis drugs and these drugs need to be taken for at least 6 months without stopping.

5. Antihistamines

A group of antihistamine drugs can be prescribed by a doctor if a chronic cough is caused by postnasal drip. In addition to antihistamines, overcoming chronic cough due to postnasal drip can also be done by giving decongestants.

In addition to following the doctor's advice, you can also take care of yourself at home to speed up recovery from a cough that doesn't go away. Here are some ways you can do this:

  • Drink lots of water, at least 8 glasses or 2 liters a day.
  • Consume 1 teaspoon of honey every day. However, do not give honey to children under 1 year old.
  • Use an air humidifier at home to keep the air moist.
  • Consumption of cough suppressants that are widely sold in pharmacies.
  • If you have GERD, avoid overeating and it's best not to eat food 2–3 hours before bedtime.
  • Stay away from cigarette smoke and dust.

Cough is the body's natural protective mechanism to expel germs, mucus, or substances that cause irritation in the respiratory tract. Even so, you need to be vigilant if the cough you experience does not go away and has been going on for days, even weeks.

Immediately consult a doctor if you have a cough that doesn't go away, especially if this chronic cough is accompanied by coughing up blood, shortness of breath, or weight loss for no apparent reason.

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