Check Information About Urinalysis Test Here

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Check Information About Urinalysis Test Here
Check Information About Urinalysis Test Here

Urinalysis is an examination carried out through analysis of urine samples in the laboratory. This examination aims to detect or diagnose disease and monitor he alth conditions and kidney function. A urinalysis is also performed as part of the prenatal check-up

Urinalysis tests can detect certain substances in the urine, such as blood cells, protein, glucose, crystals, ketones, bilirubin, or bacteria. The presence of these substances in the urine can indicate that you may have a certain disease, such as a urinary tract infection, kidney disease, or diabetes.

Check Information About Urinalysis Test Here - Alodokter

In addition to checking the chemical content in urine, urinalysis is also carried out to check the color, appearance, odor, and pH or acid-base level of urine.

Why is Urinalysis Performed?

Urinalysis is often done as part of a routine he alth check (check up). This urine test can also be done for the following things:

  • Knowing someone's he alth condition
  • Evaluating the performance and function of the urinary system
  • Detect and confirm the diagnosis of a disease, such as kidney disease, urinary tract infection, and diabetes
  • Confirming the condition of pregnancy
  • Monitoring a person's he alth condition after undergoing treatment or certain medical actions, such as urinary tract surgery

If the doctor recommends doing a urinalysis, you are advised to drink enough water so that the urine sample needed can be sufficient. You can also eat and drink as usual before the urine sample is taken.

However, avoid drinking too much water or consuming foods that contain dyes as this may cause the test results to be inaccurate.

If you are taking certain medications or supplements, don't forget to tell your doctor. This is because some medications or supplements can affect urinalysis results.

What is the Procedure and Process for a Urinalysis Examination?

The first step in a urinalysis is to take a urine sample. However, urine sampling cannot be done arbitrarily. You must first clean the genitals, especially the area around the urinary tract or urethra, to prevent the urine sample from becoming contaminated with bacteria.

The container used to hold urine samples must also be kept clean. You are advised not to touch the inside of the container so that bacteria from your hands do not contaminate the urine container.

When collecting a urine sample, you can first urinate directly into the toilet for a few seconds, then stop the flow of urine. After that, prepare a urine sample container, then urinate again and collect the urine flow in the container until the container is full.

After the urine sample is taken, the urine will be analyzed in the laboratory in three ways, namely:

Urine visual test

In this test, the amount and color of urine will be checked. Urine that is red or dark brown in color may contain blood, while cloudy urine may be a sign of a urinary tract infection. Meanwhile, foamy urine should be suspected as a possible kidney disease.

Examination with a microscope

Examination with a microscope is done to determine the presence or content of certain substances in the urine. Generally, normal urine does not contain red blood cells and white blood cells, bacteria, or crystals that could be a sign of kidney stones.

Dipstick test

In this test, a thin plastic strip is dipped in urine. This test is usually to determine the acidity or pH of the urine, the levels of protein, glucose, bilirubin, red blood cells, and white blood cells in the urine.

What Kinds of Diseases Can Be Detected Through Urinalysis?

If you experience back pain, abdominal pain, pain or burning when urinating (anyang-anyangan), and difficulty urinating, you should consult a doctor.

To determine the cause of the complaints you feel, the doctor will perform a physical examination and supporting examinations, including a urinalysis test.

Through urinalysis, doctors can diagnose certain diseases or medical conditions, such as:

1. Diabetes

This disease is characterized by high levels of sugar or glucose in the urine. In addition to checking the level of sugar in the urine, the doctor will also perform a blood test to monitor blood sugar levels when diagnosing diabetes.

2. Kidney problems

Urine that contains protein, red blood cells, white blood cells, and looks reddish or dark in color like tea can indicate a kidney function disorder or problem.

Some kidney diseases that can be identified through urinalysis include nephrotic syndrome, kidney infection, acute nephritic syndrome, and kidney failure.

3. Urinary tract infection (UTI)

Urine that contains a lot of red blood cells and white blood cells and has a high acidity or pH level can be a sign of a urinary tract infection or kidney stones.

4. Heart trouble

If a urinalysis test detects high levels of bilirubin in the urine, it can indicate a liver disorder.

5. Preeclampsia

Urinalysis can also be done to detect certain he alth problems in pregnant women. If there is excess protein in the urine of pregnant women, especially if it is accompanied by high blood pressure, this indicates that the pregnant woman has preeclampsia.

Urinalysis is one of the most common medical examination procedures and is recommended by doctors quite often.

If you are asked to undergo a urinalysis, ask your doctor for information about what to do or avoid before taking a urine test to get accurate and optimal test results.

If the results of your urinalysis test show abnormal results or the possibility of certain diseases of the kidneys or urinary tract, you need to consult further with a kidney doctor.The doctor will explain the results of the examination and provide further treatment according to your condition.

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