Table of contents:
- Size and Type of Stones Cause Urinary Stones
- Multiple Choices of Urinary Stones
- Other Handling Steps to Treat Urinary Stones
Medicine for urinary stones should not be used carelessly. This is because urinary stones can be caused by different types of stones. Giving medication for urinary stones must be adjusted to the type and size of stones in the urinary tract
Urine stones generally occur due to the buildup or deposition of various types of minerals in the urine to eventually form stones. These stones can form in the kidneys, urinary tract, or bladder.
There are many things that can cause urinary stones, including not drinking enough water, exercising too often or too infrequently, obesity, and consuming excessive s alt or sugar. In certain cases, urinary stones can also form due to urinary tract infections and high uric acid levels.
Size and Type of Stones Cause Urinary Stones
The types and sizes of stones that cause urinary stones vary. Stones that are small or about 4-6 mm can pass naturally through the urine within 30-45 days. However, stone urine medication sometimes still needs to be used to expedite the passage of stones.
Meanwhile, large stones, which are about 6–10 mm or more, generally need to be removed by medical treatment. If not treated immediately, these stones can block the flow of urine and cause problems in the urinary tract.
Sometimes, small stones also need medical attention if they cause pain or cause bleeding, damage, or urinary tract infection.
In addition, stones that cause urinary stones are also formed from several different minerals or substances. The following are some types of stones that cause urinary stones by type:
Calcium stones are the most common type of stone that causes urinary stones. These stones are made of calcium and oxalate, calcium phosphate, or maleate.
Uric acid stone
This type of stone is more common in men and is more often experienced by gout sufferers, for example, due to consuming too many foods high in purines.
The formation of uric acid stones can also occur due to side effects of chemotherapy and certain diseases, such as diabetes or metabolic syndrome. In addition, genetic factors can also increase the risk of developing uric acid stones.
This type of kidney stone is mostly experienced by women who suffer from urinary tract infections (UTIs).This type of stone can form quickly, be large enough to cause a blockage in the urinary tract or bladder, and sometimes accompanied by symptoms, such as pain when urinating or anyangan.
Cystine stones are rare. This type of stone is more common in people who have the genetic disorder cystinuria, which is a condition when the kidneys secrete more of the amino acid cystine.
Multiple Choices of Urinary Stones
The treatment of urinary stones can vary according to the size and type of stone. Therefore, to determine the type and size of the stone, people with urinary stones need to see a doctor.
After the doctor determines the type and size of the stone that causes urinary stones, the doctor will prescribe medication for urinary stones. This drug aims to prevent stone formation and destroy stones in the urinary tract to make it easier to pass.
The following are the types of stone urine drugs that doctors can prescribe:
1. Alpha blockers
Alpha blocking drugs work to relax the muscles in the urinary tract so that stones in the urinary tract or bladder are easier to expel from the body.
Diuretic drugs are types of drugs that can stimulate the body to produce more urine and urinate. This medicine is given to help the body get rid of more stones that have accumulated in the urinary tract.
3. Potassium citrate
Potassium citrate drug is given to increase the pH and citrate levels in the urine, so that the mineral content in the urine does not easily settle and trigger the formation of stones.
Allopurinol functions to reduce uric acid levels in urine and blood and is usually given to treat urinary stones due to uric acid stones. This drug is generally used in combination with oral potassium citrate and sodium bicarbonate.
Antibiotic drugs can be prescribed by a doctor to fight bacteria that grow in the urinary tract as well as treat urinary stones due to urinary tract infections. Antibiotic drugs are usually given to urinary stones caused by struvite stones.
In addition to the drugs above, doctors can also prescribe painkillers, such as paracetamol or mefenamic acid, to relieve pain that may occur when urinating.
Other Handling Steps to Treat Urinary Stones
In addition to the use of stone urine drugs, doctors will recommend people with urinary stones to drink 2-3, 5 liters of water per day. Drinking lots of water can make the urine more dilute and clear, and prevent the deposition of minerals in the urine which can cause urinary stones.
Large sized stones are generally more difficult to remove from the body, so they require medical action or surgery. The following are some types of medical and surgical procedures that can be performed to treat urinary stones:
Extracorporeal Shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL)
ESWL is a procedure performed to break up large stones (over 10 mm) into smaller ones using high-energy sound waves. This will make it easier for the stones to pass through the urine.
Procedure to break up stones by inserting a thin and flexible tube through the urethra or urinary tract that is directed to the location of the stone, either in the bladder or kidney.
This action is usually done if the kidney stone is too large or other treatments have not worked to remove the stone. Several types of surgical techniques that can be used to treat urinary stones include percutaneous nephrolithotomy or percutaneous nephrolithotripsy.
So that you don't experience urinary stones or prevent urinary stones from recurring, there are several tips that you can do, namely:
- Reduce foods that contain oxalates, such as spinach, beets, beans, tea, chocolate, black pepper, and soybeans.
- Limit s alt and animal protein intake.
- Enough intake of body fluids by drinking lots of water every day.
- Avoid excessive consumption of calcium.
- Avoid the habit of holding pee frequently.
Urine stones that are small and do not cause symptoms can generally pass naturally from the urinary tract and heal on their own.
However, if you experience urinary stones accompanied by pain in the back or waist, pain when urinating, or there is blood in the urine, immediately consult a doctor to get the right stone urine medicine.