Table of contents:
- Physical and Psychological Symptoms of Hyperandrogen in Women
- The Cause of Hyperandrogen in Women
- How to Overcome Hyperandrogen in Women
- Long Term Impact if Hyperandrogen is Not Treated
Hyperandrogen is a condition in which the levels of the hormone androgen or testosterone in a woman's body are too high. Normally, women do have this hormone, but only in small amounts. If the amount of androgen hormone in a woman's body is excessive, various he alth problems can arise
The androgen hormone or testosterone is produced in the body of both men and women. It's just that the amount of this hormone is normally more in men.
In women, androgen hormones are produced by the adrenal glands and the ovaries (ovaries). Together with other hormones, androgen hormones are responsible for regulating and maintaining various functions of the body's organs, including reproductive organs and bones. Androgen hormones are also in charge of regulating libido or sexual desire.
Therefore, when levels of androgen hormones exceed normal limits in a woman's body, serious he alth problems can appear.
Physical and Psychological Symptoms of Hyperandrogen in Women
The following are some of the physical symptoms that can occur due to too high androgen levels in a woman's body:
- Muscle mass increases
- bust size decreases
- Clitoris enlarged
- Growing thick hair on the face and various parts of the body
- Hair loss or baldness
- severe acne
- The sound is louder
- Menstruation not smooth
- Libido decreased
Some of these symptoms can make women feel less confident. Not only that, hyperandrogens are also at risk of causing fertility problems in women. However, women who have hyperandrogens can still get pregnant if they have regular sex without contraception.
Several studies have also stated that women who have hyperandrogens are more at risk for psychological disorders, such as mood swings, depression, and anxiety disorders.
The Cause of Hyperandrogen in Women
There are several medical conditions that can cause a woman to experience hyperandrogens, namely:
- Ovarian diseases, such as polycystic ovarian syndrome and ovarian cancer
- Disorders of the adrenal glands, such as congenital adrenal hyperplasia and tumors of the adrenal glands
- Diseases affecting the pituitary gland in the brain, such as Cushing's syndrome, acromegaly, and prolactinoma
- Side effects of certain drugs, such as anabolic steroids, testosterone hormone therapy, and insulin injections
- insulin resistance
In addition to the above conditions, there are several factors that can increase a woman's risk of experiencing hyperandrogens, including obesity and having a family history of hyperandrogens.
How to Overcome Hyperandrogen in Women
Treatment of hyperandrogen in women must be adjusted to the cause. Therefore, women who experience hyperandrogen need to undergo examination to the doctor.
To confirm the diagnosis and determine the cause of the patient's hyperandrogen, the doctor will conduct a thorough examination, including blood tests to determine androgen hormone levels.
After the patient is indicated to be suffering from hyperandrogenism, the doctor will usually advise the patient to change his lifestyle, for example by following a he althy diet and regular exercise to achieve the ideal body weight.
In addition, hyperandrogens can be treated with drugs, including:
Antiandrogen drugs are types of drugs that can reduce androgen hormone levels in the body. There are several types of antiandrogen drugs, namely spironolactone, flutamide, and cyproterone acetate (CPA).
Contraceptive pills containing antiandrogens
For women with hyperandrogen conditions who are not planning to become pregnant, hormonal contraception can be an option to reduce androgen levels in their bodies.
There are many types of hormonal contraception to choose from. One of them is the combined contraceptive pill which contains estrogen and progesterone. In addition, there are hormonal contraceptives that contain the progesterone Levonorgestrel, Norgestimate, Desogestrel, Drospirenone, Cyproteron acetate (CPA).
To treat hyperandrogenism, the recommended type of hormonal contraception is hormonal contraception containing a combination of ethinyletsradiol and cyproterone acetate (CPA).
As an antiandrogen Cyproterone acetate works by lowering free androgen hormone levels, reducing oil production in the skin, and preventing skin problems, such as acne, or the growth of thick hair on the face and some areas of the body.
Long Term Impact if Hyperandrogen is Not Treated
Hyperandrogens that are not treated can cause more serious disorders. If not treated properly, hyperandrogens can lead to obesity, diabetes, and difficulty conceiving in women.
Not only that, several studies have also shown that postmenopausal women with hyperandrogen conditions are also more prone to cardiovascular diseases, such as high blood pressure, heart disease, and stroke.
Therefore, if you experience symptoms of hyperandrogenism, you should immediately consult a doctor. The sooner treatment is given, the less likely it is that complications that can be dangerous will occur.