Table of contents:
- Heart Disease Patients Who Are Allowed To Fast And Not
- How to Take Heart Medicine While Fasting
- Tips for He althy Fasting for People with Heart Disease
Fasting does not only change daily eating and drinking patterns, but also long-term drug consumption patterns, such as heart medications. If you are undergoing treatment for heart disease, there are rules and ways to take heart medication while fasting that are important for you to know
Heart disease is a chronic disease that causes disturbances in heart function. One form of treatment for this disease is through the administration of drugs. These drugs must be taken regularly to reduce the risk of complications due to heart disease.
However, suffering from heart disease and having to take medication regularly doesn't mean you can't fast during Ramadan. You just need to follow the rules and how to take heart medication during fasting, so that fasting continues smoothly and your he alth condition is maintained.
Heart Disease Patients Who Are Allowed To Fast And Not
Patients with mild heart disease who take heart medication no more than 3 times a day are still allowed to fast, while people with severe heart disease are not recommended to fast for fear that it could worsen their condition.
In addition, fasting should not be carried out by people with heart disease who have the following conditions:
- Recurrent chest pain in the near future
- Often experience fatigue, shortness of breath, or need to take diuretics more than 3 times a day
- Just had a heart attack
- Are taking blood thinners or drugs for arrhythmia
Patients with heart disease who have recently undergone heart surgery or certain medical procedures are also not advised to fast because they have to take medication according to the schedule determined by the doctor.
To stay safe, people with heart problems who want to undergo fasting are advised to consult a doctor first. In addition to ensuring that your he alth condition is fit enough to fast, consulting a doctor is also necessary to adjust the schedule and dosage of heart medications during fasting.
How to Take Heart Medicine While Fasting
During fasting, the schedule for taking medication will certainly change. If previously there was a time span of 24 hours to divide the schedule for taking medication, during the month of Ramadan, the time span for taking medication is only about 10 hours.
Therefore, doctors need to make adjustments to the schedule of taking heart medication during fasting so that the effectiveness of treatment remains optimal and the use of drugs is also safe.
In general, taking heart medication during fasting is only done 1-2 times a day. If heart medication needs to be taken 3-4 times a day, it is not possible for people with heart disease to fast.
The following is the timing and method of taking heart medication while fasting:
Once a day
For drugs with a dose of 1 time a day, drink it at dawn or when breaking the fast. Delaying the time of taking a single dose of heart medication until breaking the fast will not affect the effect of treatment or the performance of the drug.
Twice a day
For heart medication with a dose of 2 times a day, drink 1 time at dawn and 1 time when breaking the fast.
If there is medicine that must be taken before eating, take the medicine 30 minutes before eating sahur or 30 minutes before dinner after breaking the fast. If there is medicine that must be taken after eating, take the medicine about 10-15 minutes after eating sahur or iftar.
How to take heart medicine while fasting, you should consult again with the cardiologist who treats you. The reason is, in addition to adjusting the time and dose, the type of drug given may also need to be adjusted.
Schedule of taking heart medication, whether it is better to take it at dawn or when breaking the fast, depends on how it works or the nature of the drug. For example, for heart drugs that cause side effects of frequent urination, the doctor will adjust the time of use so as not to make you weak due to dehydration while fasting.
Doctors may also consider giving heart medications that do not cause side effects of stomach pain or heartburn.
Tips for He althy Fasting for People with Heart Disease
Although the medicine can be taken at dawn and iftar, it is not recommended that you change the schedule and dosage of your own medicine without a doctor's recommendation because it can be bad for your he alth condition.
In addition to taking heart medication regularly and according to the schedule recommended by the doctor, here are some he althy fasting guidelines for people with heart problems:
- Maintain nutritional intake while fasting by continuing to eat balanced nutritious foods, such as vegetables and fruits.
- Eat food in small portions, and reduce foods that contain a lot of fat and a lot of s alt, such as fried foods or fast food.
- Drink at least 8 glasses of water a day, namely 2 glasses at dawn, 4 glasses after breaking the fast, and 2 glasses before going to bed. However, your doctor may suggest limiting the amount of fluids you drink if you have heart failure.
- Do light exercise, if your body is fit and he althy.
- Take time to rest and get enough sleep every day.
Basically, fasting is still allowed if you suffer from mild heart disease and have been declared he althy by a doctor. However, make sure you always follow the doctor's advice in taking heart medications while fasting.
The thing you also need to remember is to keep regular check-ups with a cardiologist. That way, your he alth condition can continue to be monitored during fasting.