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Everyone needs to know what blood pressure is normal for himself as an effort to prevent hypertension. The reason is that hypertension is still one of the main he alth problems in the world, including in Indonesia
According to the world he alth organization (WHO), normal blood pressure for adults is 120/80 mmHg. The number 120 hhmHg represents the systolic pressure, which is the pressure when the heart pumps blood throughout the body. While the number 80 mmHg indicates diastolic pressure, which is the pressure when the heart muscle relaxes and receives blood returning from the rest of the body.
Blood Pressure Classification According to WHO
A person's blood pressure can be classified based on their height. Each classification indicates a heart he alth condition and the treatment that needs to be given to it. The following is the classification of blood pressure according to WHO:
As previously explained, normal blood pressure according to WHO is less or equal to 120/80 mmHg. Normal blood pressure needs to be maintained every day. The trick is to adopt a he althy lifestyle, starting from eating he althy foods, maintaining an ideal body weight, to exercising regularly.
Blood pressure can reach prehypertension if the number is above 120/80 mmHg to 139/89 mmHg. Prehypertension conditions have a higher risk of cardiovascular disease events, such as coronary heart disease and stroke.Changes in he althy lifestyle and prescription of blood pressure lowering drugs from doctors may be needed by patients, so that the risk of developing serious medical conditions does not decrease.
Blood pressure is considered hypertension if it is above 140/90 mmHg. At this stage, the doctor will usually prescribe some combination of blood pressure control drugs, such as ACE inhibitors, alpha-blockers, beta-blockers, and diuretics. In addition, the patient also has to live a he althy lifestyle according to the doctor's recommendations.
Various Tips to Maintain Normal Blood Pressure
Blood pressure is one of the body's vital signs that must be monitored regularly. By having normal blood pressure, your body functions will be able to work optimally, and prevent serious he alth risks due to hypertension.
In an effort to maintain normal blood pressure according to WHO, the Indonesian Ministry of He alth provides tips for a he althy lifestyle with SMART. Here are tips you can do:
- Regular he alth check
- Get rid of cigarette smoke
- Diligent physical activity
- He althy and balanced diet
- Enough rest
- Manage stress well
Besides that, you are also recommended to do a lecture or check your blood pressure at home. Of course, you need to have a sphygmomanometer at home. But in this way, blood pressure control becomes more efficient and practical. However, remember, you should first consult with your doctor to get the right tips and instructions in measuring blood pressure at home.
If you don't have a sphygmomanometer at home, don't forget to visit the doctor regularly for he alth checks, at least once a year. This is important because hypertension can come without any symptoms. However, don't worry, if your blood pressure is indeed high, the doctor will decide what treatment is suitable for dealing with it.