Table of contents:
- What is Lockdown ?
- Is Lockdown Effective in Preventing the Spread of the Corona Virus?
- What's the Difference Between Lockdown, Quarantine and Civil Emergency?
- The Impact of Lockdown on Society
The more widespread the COVID-19 pandemic, causing not a few people to pressure the government and officials to implement a lockdown. This step is considered effective to suppress the increasing number of positive cases of Corona. However, what exactly is meant by lockdown?
In facing the COVID-19 pandemic in the world and in Indonesia, some people think that physical distancing is not enough to prevent the spread of the Corona virus. Through various media, not a few people are pushing the government to immediately implement a lockdown.
What is Lockdown ?
Lockdown is a term used to describe an effort to control the spread of infection. Referring to President Joko Widodo's explanation, the lockdown requires an area to completely close entry and exit access.
People in areas that are under lockdown will no longer be able to leave their homes and gather, while all transportation and office, school, and worship activities will be disabled.
However, the implementation of lockdown in each country or region may have a different method or protocol.
For example, in early 2020, in Wuhan, China, a total lockdown was implemented. During the lockdown, all residents in the city are prohibited from leaving their homes and all public areas, such as malls and markets, are closed.
Meanwhile in Spain and Italy, the lockdown policies there still allow citizens to go out of their homes to shop for daily necessities and buy medicines.
Is Lockdown Effective in Preventing the Spread of the Corona Virus?
Please note, the implementation of lockdown is actually not a new effort to prevent the spread of a disease. For example, in the 14th century, lockdown methods were also used to slow the spread of the bubonic plague or Black Death throughout Europe.
Lockdown can be referred to as an initial and temporary measure, which is effective in slowing the spread of a new disease that has the potential to become an outbreak or pandemic, such as the current COVID-19.
This is useful to give researchers and scientists time, so they can study, track, and even develop a treatment or vaccine for the disease that is currently endemic.
Currently, the COVID-19 vaccine is available and has been distributed worldwide. In Indonesia, most people have even received a second dose of the COVID-19 vaccine. Meanwhile, a small proportion have already started receiving the COVID-19 booster vaccine.
Considering that most of the Indonesian population has been vaccinated, this can then help herd immunity. Especially at this time, many people have also obtained natural immunity from the Corona virus after becoming a survivor of COVID-19.
If herd immunity has been established, the Corona virus will be increasingly difficult to spread, because there are not many people who can be infected. Therefore, it can be concluded, lockdown is one of the effective efforts to help reduce the spread of the Corona virus.
What's the Difference Between Lockdown, Quarantine and Civil Emergency?
In Indonesia, the government does not use the term 'lockdown' as a measure to control the Corona virus outbreak. However, there is actually no significant difference between the terms 'lockdown', 'regional quarantine', and 'civil emergency'.
In the case of the COVID-19 outbreak, all these measures were put in place in order to reduce the spread of the Corona virus. Here is the explanation:
According to Law Number 6 of 2018 concerning He alth Quarantine, quarantine is defined as an effort to limit and/or separate someone who is exposed to an infectious disease.
Based on the scale, quarantine is divided into 4 types, namely home quarantine, hospital quarantine, regional quarantine, and large-scale social restrictions (PSBB).
As long as the regional quarantine is in effect, people living in the area are not allowed to leave their territory and people from outside the area are not allowed to enter the quarantined area.
The needs of people and livestock living in quarantined areas will be the responsibility of the government.
In order to prevent the spread of Corona Virus infection, the government also asks all levels of society to implement physical distancing, namely by not traveling outside the house, not gathering, and limiting a minimum distance of 1 meter when interacting with other people.
According to Government Regulation in Lieu of Law (Perpu) Number 23 of 1959 concerning Dangerous Conditions, civil emergency is defined as a status when security or law and order in the entire territory or part of the territory of the Republic of Indonesia is threatened by rebellion, riots, or is affected by a disaster..
In this case, the option of imposing a civil emergency by the government is related to the COVID-19 outbreak due to the Corona virus.
The Impact of Lockdown on Society
As previously explained, the lockdown can indeed reduce the spread of the Corona virus because it limits the mobility of the population and prevents people from gathering.
However, on the other hand, this policy also risks causing several impacts to the community, namely:
With the implementation of the lockdown, people are at risk of experiencing fear, anxiety, and loneliness because they feel alienated from their social environment. These things can trigger disturbances for mental he alth.
According to some studies, any form of physical restriction can increase the risk of psychological problems, such as stress, anxiety, fear, and loneliness.
If this happens, people who experience psychological problems may experience a decrease in their immune system, making them more susceptible to illness. Without proper treatment, stress or anxiety due to lockdown conditions can also lead to more serious mental he alth problems, such as depression.
The lockdown policy will also have a huge impact on the economy of the community and the country. Because they cannot leave their homes, many residents find it difficult to make a living. This will certainly be felt more by people who cannot work from home.
Therefore, after considering the various positive and negative sides, the Indonesian government has not decided to choose a lockdown policy as an effort to prevent the spread of the Corona virus.
The policy currently being implemented by the government is Large-Scale Social Restrictions (PSBB), in which only certain activities are restricted to suppress the spread of infection.
While complying with government policies in tackling the COVID-19 outbreak, you also still need to make efforts to prevent Corona virus infection by washing your hands regularly, avoiding crowded places and being close to other people, and eating balanced nutritious foods so that the immune system You stay strong.
If you experience symptoms of Corona virus infection, such as fever, cough, and shortness of breath, immediately self-isolate and call the COVID-19 hotline at 119 Ext. 9 to get further directions.
You can also find out how big your risk is of contracting the Corona virus through the Corona Virus Risk Check feature which has been provided free of charge by Alodokter.
If you have questions about the Corona virus, both about symptoms and prevention, don't hesitate to chat with doctors directly on the Alodokter application. You can also make an appointment with a doctor at the hospital through this application.