Table of contents:
- Cough Medicine for Dry Cough Accompanied by Colds and Congested Nose
- Cough Medicine for Dry Cough due to Allergies
- Cough Medicine for Coughing up phlegm
Coughing is the body's natural reaction to expel foreign objects, germs, or viruses from the respiratory tract. If you have a nagging cough, you can take cough medicine to relieve it. However, make sure to choose cough medicine according to the type of cough you are experiencing
In general, there are 2 types of cough, namely dry cough and cough with phlegm. Coughing up phlegm is usually caused by bacteria or viruses that enter the respiratory tract and cause infection. This type of cough can be a symptom of certain illnesses, such as the flu, asthma, bronchitis, or pneumonia.
Meanwhile, dry cough is a cough that is not accompanied by phlegm or mucus and is usually characterized by an itchy feeling in the throat. A dry cough can be a symptom of various diseases, such as allergies, asthma, throat irritation due to stomach acid, and infections.
Coughs usually subside on their own within a few days. To relieve annoying cough symptoms, it is recommended that you drink lots of water, stop smoking, and avoid cigarette smoke.
You can also take cough medicine to relieve these complaints. However, for effective results, first identify the type of cough you are experiencing and choose a cough medicine that suits your cough type.
Cough Medicine for Dry Cough Accompanied by Colds and Congested Nose
To treat a cough without phlegm accompanied by flu symptoms, such as a stuffy nose or runny nose, it is recommended that you take cough medicine with the following ingredients:
The content of dextromethorphan Hbr works by stopping coughing stimuli in the brain, so that the cough symptoms you feel can subside.
Doxylamine succinateDoxylamine succinate is a type of antihistamine that works to relieve coughs and colds and itching in the nose and throat caused by allergies.
Pseudoephedrine Hcl is a decongestant class of drugs that can reduce swelling in the nose that causes cold symptoms. By taking this medicine, nasal congestion due to colds, flu, or allergic reactions can be relieved.
Cough Medicine for Dry Cough due to Allergies
In addition to taking cough medicine containing dextromethorphan Hbr, dry cough sufferers who also experience allergy symptoms are advised to take cough medicine containing:
Diphenhydramine Hcl and chlorpheniramine maleate
Diphenhydramine Hcl and chlorpheniramine maleate are antihistamine drugs that are used to treat allergy symptoms, such as itching in the nose and throat, sneezing., cough, and nasal congestion.Both of these ingredients have the same way of working as doxylamine succinate, which is to inhibit the release of histamine substances that can trigger allergy symptoms.
Cough Medicine for Coughing up phlegm
If you have a cough with phlegm, choose a cough medicine that contains:
Bromhexine HCl and guaifenesin
Bromhexine HCl and guaifenesin work by making phlegm thinner and easier to expel, so you can breathe easier.
In addition to some of the ingredients mentioned above, choose cough medicine that does not contain alcohol and sugar or artificial sweeteners because they are safer to consume.
Consume cough medicine according to the dosage and instructions for use listed on the medicine package or as recommended by the doctor.If the schedule for taking cough medicine is missed 1-2 hours, take the medicine as soon as you remember. However, if it is close to the time to take the next drug, ignore it and do not double the dose of the drug to make up for the missed dose.
When consumed appropriately according to the type of cough, cough medicine is generally quite effective for relieving cough complaints. However, there are some conditions where cough medicine alone is not enough.
If your cough lasts more than 2 weeks or is accompanied by shortness of breath, fever, wheezing, yellow or green phlegm, or coughing up blood, immediately consult a doctor for further treatment.