Recognizing the Causes of Lymph Node Infections

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Recognizing the Causes of Lymph Node Infections
Recognizing the Causes of Lymph Node Infections

The appearance of lumps in certain body parts, such as the armpits or neck, can be a sign that you have a lymph node infection. Even though it looks mild, you are advised to stay alert, because the infection that occurs can be caused by certain he alth problems

Lymph nodes are part of the lymphatic system which plays an important role in forming the immune system. These glands are scattered in various parts of the body, such as the neck, armpits, and groin.

Recognize the Various Causes of Lymph Node Infections - Alodokter

Lymph nodes are responsible for producing white blood cells that can fight infection and cancer cells and destroy toxic substances.

Although it plays a role in fighting infection, sometimes the lymph nodes can also get infected. If this happens, the lymph nodes will swell and become inflamed. In medical terms, infection of the lymph nodes is called lymphadenitis.

However, apart from infection with the lymph nodes, swollen lymph nodes can also occur because the body is trying to fight off infections in other organs or body parts.

Lymph node infection can occur in only one gland or in all glands of the body. There are lymph node infections that are painful, but some are painless.

In addition to causing swollen lymph nodes, lymph node infection usually can also cause other symptoms such as fever, night sweats, fatigue, and weight loss for no reason.

The Causes of Lymph Node Infection

The following are some infectious diseases that can cause lymph node infections:

1. Virus infection

Viral infection is one of the most common causes of infection in the lymph nodes. There are many diseases caused by viral infections that can cause lymph nodes to become infected and swollen, including:

  • Chickenpox
  • Measles
  • Glandular fever or mononucleosis
  • Herpes

2. Bacterial infection

Not only viruses, bacteria can also cause lymph node infections. Some diseases caused by bacterial infections that can cause lymph node infections, including:

  • Streptococcus infection
  • Staphylococcal Infection
  • Sexually transmitted infections, such as chlamydia and syphilis
  • Cat scratch disease
  • TBC lymph node

3. Fungal infection

In addition to bacterial and viral infections, there are several diseases caused by fungal infections that can also cause lymph node infections, namely tinea cruris, candidiasis, coccidiomycosis, and histoplasmosis. Fungal infections are more likely to occur in people who have weak immune systems.

4. Parasite infection

Diseases caused by parasitic infections can also cause swelling and infection of the lymph nodes. Some of the diseases caused by parasitic infections in question are toxoplasmosis, leishmaniasis, and helminth infections, such as filariasis or elephantiasis.

Swollen lymph nodes are often caused by some of the above infectious diseases.However, in some cases, swollen lymph nodes can also be caused by other diseases, namely lymph node cancer or lymphoma and autoimmune diseases.

Therefore, if you experience swelling or infection of the lymph nodes, you should immediately consult a doctor to determine what is causing the swelling.

Once the causative factor is identified, the doctor will provide the right treatment to deal with the swelling or infection of the lymph nodes that you are experiencing.

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