Recognizing Normal Blood Pressure Based on Age

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Recognizing Normal Blood Pressure Based on Age
Recognizing Normal Blood Pressure Based on Age

Everyone's blood pressure is different due to various factors. One of them is age. The older a person gets, the higher the normal range of blood pressure. Through this article, you will find out the normal blood pressure limits based on age

Blood pressure shows how hard your heart is pumping blood around your body. This size is one of the vital signs of the body that is often used as a reference to see the general he alth of the body and must be monitored regularly.

Recognize Normal Blood Pressure Based on Age - Alodokter

This Is Normal Blood Pressure By Age

Blood pressure is written with 2 numbers separated by a slash, for example 120/80 mmHg.

The number 120 represents systolic blood pressure, which is the pressure when the heart contracts to pump blood throughout the body. While the number 80 represents diastolic blood pressure, which is the pressure when the heart muscle relaxes before pumping blood again.

Both of these pressures have their respective normal ranges and each age has a different range.

The following are normal blood pressure limits divided by age group:

normal blood pressure in children

Although not much different, normal blood pressure at the age of children can be divided into 2 groups, namely:

  • Preschoolers (3–5 years): the normal range for systolic pressure is 95-110 mmHg and diastolic pressure is 56-70 mmHg.
  • School age children (6–13 years): the normal range for systolic pressure is 97-112 mmHg and diastolic pressure is between 57-71 mmHg.

normal blood pressure in teenagers

In adolescents aged 13-18 years, the normal limit for systolic pressure is between 112-128 mmHg and diastolic pressure is between 66-80 mmHg. Variations in blood pressure within the normal limits of a teenager can be caused by various factors, such as height, gender, and time of blood pressure measurement.

normal blood pressure in adults

In general, adults are said to have normal blood pressure if the number is above 90/60 mmHg to 120/80 mmHg. Normal blood pressure can go up or down depending on the physical activity you are doing and the emotional state you are experiencing.

In pregnant women, hormonal changes cause the blood pressure range to be lower. Even in pregnant women, blood pressure of 120/80 mmHg is included in the category of having to be careful about the risk of preeclampsia.

normal blood pressure in old age

Normal blood pressure in the elderly (elderly) tends to be higher, namely < 150 mmHg for systolic pressure and < 90 mmHg for diastolic pressure. This is because the blood vessels in the elderly tend to be stiffer, so the heart requires higher pressure to pump blood throughout the body.

If the blood pressure is too low, the elderly may experience dizziness and orthostatic hypotension, increasing the risk of falls and injury.

How to Maintain Normal Blood Pressure

As long as it is within normal limits, the lower your blood pressure, the better your heart he alth will be. However, low blood pressure also needs to be watched out for if it causes complaints such as dizziness, nausea, and fainting.

The following are some ways you can do to keep your blood pressure under control:

  • Set a he althy diet and balanced nutrition every day, and reduce s alt and caffeine intake.
  • Regular exercise to maintain normal blood pressure, at least for 20-30 minutes every day. `
  • Maintain an ideal body weight and manage stress well, for example by doing yoga.
  • Avoid smoking and consuming alcoholic beverages in excess because it can be harmful to the he alth of the heart and blood vessels.

Blood pressure must be monitored regularly to prevent high blood pressure (hypertension) or even low blood pressure (hypotension). This is because both hypotension and hypertension can be asymptomatic, so it is feared that this condition will go undetected and cause various complications.

If possible, you can regularly monitor your blood pressure independently at home. If your blood pressure is above or below the normal blood pressure range for your age, you should see a doctor immediately.

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