Child Sensitivity Risk Affected by Parental Allergies

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Child Sensitivity Risk Affected by Parental Allergies
Child Sensitivity Risk Affected by Parental Allergies

Allergy or sensitivity is an exaggerated immune system response to certain substances or objects that are actually harmless. This condition is quite common in children. The Ministry of He alth of the Republic of Indonesia estimates that there are around 20–45% of children in Indonesia who suffer from allergies

The immune system or immune system is a collection of cells, tissues, and organs that work together to protect the body from disease and infection. Normally, the immune system will only react when the body is exposed to harmful substances or microorganisms, such as viruses, bacteria, or parasites.

Risk of Child Sensitivity Affected by Parental Allergies - Alodokter

In children who suffer from allergies, the immune system is too sensitive so it is easy to react to substances or objects that are actually harmless. This allergic reaction can cause the child to experience allergic symptoms in the form of an itchy rash, sneezing, coughing, runny nose, itchy eyes, diarrhea, or even shortness of breath.

There are many factors that trigger allergies (allergens) in children. One of them is food. This makes children who have food allergies unable to eat certain foods.

Reason of Increased Sensitivity Risk in Children

Several studies show that basically every child has a risk for suffering from allergies. However, this risk can increase if the child is often exposed to dust or pollution, lives in a dirty environment, is overweight, or is frequently exposed to infections.

Not only that, the risk of children suffering from allergies can also increase if their parents have allergies or sensitivities. If only one parent has allergies, the child's risk of developing sensitivity is about 30–50%. However, if both parents have allergies, the child's risk of developing sensitivities can reach 60–80%.

Although allergies can be inherited, it does not mean that children will definitely have the same type of allergies as their parents. Substances that trigger sensitivity reactions in children may be different from substances that trigger allergic reactions in their parents.

Early Treatment of Children at Risk of Allergies

Even though a child has a high enough risk of developing sensitivities, for example, because their parents also suffer from allergies, that doesn't mean it can't be treated.

There are several ways that can be done to reduce the risk of children experiencing sensitivity, namely:

1. Introduce food allergy triggers early

According to research, early introduction of foods that often trigger allergic reactions, such as peanuts, cow's milk, or fish, can reduce the risk of children developing allergies to these foods. However, this method must be done in the right way and under the supervision of a doctor.

2. Keep the house clean

Dust or allergy-triggering mites will easily be found in dirty parts of the house. Therefore, make sure the areas that are often occupied by children, such as play rooms, bedrooms, and beds, are kept clean.

3. Keep children away from cigarette smoke

Cigarette smoke not only makes children susceptible to allergies, but also a number of respiratory disorders, such as ARI and bronchitis. Therefore, if there are family members who smoke, ask them not to smoke in the house and clean themselves first when they want to be close to their children.

4. Give exclusive breastfeeding

Breast milk contains many nutrients needed to support the growth and development of children and strengthen the immune system. Therefore, exclusive breastfeeding for babies is highly recommended.

If you have difficulty breastfeeding or suffer from certain conditions that cause breast milk to not be given to your little one, then you can give him formula milk.

One type of formula milk that you can choose if your little one has a sensitivity risk is partially hydrolyzed formula milk (PHP) enriched with synbiotics, which is a combination of FOS GOS prebiotic and Bifidobacterium breve (B.breve) probiotic.

Formula milk with these ingredients has been clinically proven to reduce the risk of allergies in children.

Until now, allergies can't be cured. However, allergic reactions can be prevented and symptoms can be controlled so as not to interfere with the he alth condition and development of children.

If your little one is at risk for sensitivity, you can take him to the pediatrician for an allergy test. The purpose of this examination is to determine whether the child has allergies or is at risk for developing allergies, as well as determine what triggers it.

By knowing the possibility of children suffering from sensitivities and substances that trigger their sensitivity, parents can prevent their children from developing he alth problems due to allergies, as well as the emergence of severe allergic reactions or anaphylaxis which can be fatal.

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