Exploring the Effectiveness of Several Types of Cataract Drugs

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Exploring the Effectiveness of Several Types of Cataract Drugs
Exploring the Effectiveness of Several Types of Cataract Drugs

Cataract is an eye disease that causes quite a lot of blindness around the world. This disease can be treated through surgery, but not a few cataract sufferers choose to treat it with cataract drugs. However, have cataract drugs been proven effective?

Cataracts occur when the lens of the eye becomes cloudy or no longer clear. This makes a person's vision impaired and the object seen appears blurry as if looking at something through a foggy window.

Tracing the Effectiveness of Several Types of Cataract Medications - Alodokter

The human eye lens is composed of crystalline protein, which functions to keep the lens clear. However, with age, these proteins will clump together and slowly make the lens of the eye cloudy and cloudy.

In addition to aging, there are several other factors that can also increase a person's risk of developing cataracts, including:

  • History of cataracts in the family
  • Certain diseases or medical conditions, such as diabetes and malnutrition
  • Disorders or diseases of the eye, such as eye injuries, uveitis, glaucoma, and retinitis pigmentosa
  • Side effects of drugs, such as corticosteroids
  • Eyes that are exposed to a lot of free radicals, for example due to frequent exposure to the sun and smoking habits or consuming alcoholic beverages

The severity of cataracts is divided into several levels, namely mild, moderate, and severe.Mild cataracts are characterized by the lens of the eye turning yellowish. At this stage, cataracts may cause only mild visual disturbances or vision may feel blurry and cloudy.

In advanced stages, the lens of the eye turns yellow-brown or dark brown and the sufferer's vision is greatly reduced.

Several Types of Cataract Drugs, How They Work, and Their Effectiveness

Cataract treatment depends on its severity. Cataracts that are already severe can only be treated through cataract surgery. Meanwhile, if the cataract is still in its early stages or is mild, this disease can be treated with the use of special glasses to help cataract sufferers see more clearly.

In addition to the use of glasses, there are several types of cataract medications that are claimed to be able to help with cataract complaints, namely:

1. Lanosterol

Lanosterol eye drops are believed to be effective as a cataract drug, especially in mild cataracts. This drug works by breaking down protein clumps in the lens of the eye.

The results of research in the laboratory show that lanosterol can be used as a cataract medicine and improve the lens of the eye after 6 weeks of use.

However, the effectiveness of lanosterol as a cataract drug is still not clinically proven and is still under further development by researchers. This is because the drug has only been tested on animals, so its effect on humans cannot be ascertained.

2. N-acetylcarnosine (NAC)

In addition to lanosterol, N-acetylcarnosine is also claimed to cure cataracts and prevent cataracts from getting worse. This cataract medicine in the form of eye drops contains synthetic L-carnosine protein which has antioxidant properties.

One of the factors that cause cataracts is long-term exposure to free radicals in the eye lens. Therefore, the cataract drug NAC with its antioxidant properties is believed to be able to stop the protein clumping process in the natural lens of the eye that causes cataracts.

Like lanosterol, this N-acetylcarnosine eye drop has not been clinically proven to be effective as a cataract drug.

3. Cyclopentolate and atropine

Cyclopentolate is an eye drop that is often used before a patient has an eye examination, while atropine eye drops are often used as eye drops for lazy eye sufferers.

Both of these drugs have the same way of working, which is to dilate the pupil of the eye and temporarily relax the eye muscles.

Cyclopentolate and atropine can also be prescribed to cataract sufferers, especially to patients who have recently undergone cataract surgery. This drug is useful for reducing pain and swelling in the eye after cataract surgery.

4. Herbal medicine

Several studies show that certain herbal products rich in antioxidants, such as bilberry extract, aloe vera, lemon, green meniran, and turmeric, can help prevent cataracts from getting worse.

Unfortunately, the clinical effectiveness of herbal medicines as cataract drugs is still in doubt. This is because data regarding the effectiveness and safety of herbal medicines as cataract drugs are still very minimal and need to be investigated further.

From the explanation above, it can be concluded that the efficacy of cataract medicine is only temporary and there is not enough evidence to prove that cataract medicine is effectively used to treat cataracts.

The only way to remove cataracts that is proven safe and effective is through surgery.

Cataract Surgery as the Most Effective Cataract Medicine

Cataract surgery is required when the level of cloudiness of the lens is severe and causes severe visual disturbances that are not helped by glasses.

Cataract surgery aims to remove the cloudy lens of the cataract patient's eye and replace it with an artificial lens to improve the quality of the sufferer's vision. These artificial eye lenses are made of plastic or silicone and can be used for a lifetime.

If both eyes have cataracts, surgery is not performed on both eyes at once. Cataract surgery on the other eye can only be carried out if the eye that has gone through the first operation has completely healed.

Cataract surgery is by far the most effective solution for curing cataracts. This is because there are no studies showing that cataract medications are proven to be more effective than cataract surgery in treating cataracts.

If you or your family have cataracts and have vision problems because of it, you should consult an ophthalmologist to get the right treatment.

To determine whether cataract medicine is safe and effective to use, you should also consult a doctor first if you want to use cataract medicine.

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