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The cause of minus eye in children is important for mothers to know so that the little one can avoid this condition. The reason is, minus eyes will make it difficult for children to see long distances. This of course can interfere with their daily activities, including at school
Nearsightedness or short-sightedness in children generally begins to appear when he is 9-10 years old. Symptoms of this disorder can be observed from the child's daily behavior. Mothers can suspect that your little one has minus eyes if he often tends to squint when he sees objects that are far away.
In addition, children with minus eyes also tend to prefer watching TV up close, rub their eyes often, often complain of tired eyes, and complain of headaches or nausea, especially after reading a book.
This Causes Minus Eyes in Children
Until now, the cause of minus eye in children is not known for certain. However, there are several factors that are thought to trigger a child to experience minus eyes, namely:
1. Genetic factors
Genetic or hereditary factors play an important role in the occurrence of minus eye in children. So, if Mom or Dad has minus eye, chances are your little one will have it too.
2. Playing indoors for too long
Leaving your little one in the house for a long time can actually affect the he alth of their eyes, you know, Bun.A study revealed that children who spend more time playing in the open have a lower risk of suffering from eye disorders, including minus eye.
Although the research still needs to be studied further, there is nothing wrong with letting your little one play more outdoors, at least 40 minutes a day. The reason is, playing outside can make children more active so it is good for their he alth in general.
3. Reading books too close
Reading is very good for brain development and communication skills of children. However, if the child is accustomed to reading at a very close distance or in a place with poor lighting, it is not impossible that his vision will be impaired.
Reading books at a distance that is too close is thought to significantly increase the risk of children experiencing minus eyes. Therefore, children are advised to keep their reading distance of about 25–30 cm.
4. Staring at the gadget screen for too long
Does your little one often play with gadgets for a long time? Be careful, this can also cause minus eyes, you know. Limit your little one's gadget play time to about 1-2 hours a day.
In addition to causing minus eyes, staring at the gadget screen for too long can also make a child's eyes tired, dry, irritated, and his vision is blurry, even if only temporarily.
In order to keep your little one's vision function optimal, make sure you give him good food for eye he alth, such as fish, carrots, milk, green vegetables, and fruits. In addition, make sure your little one does not read a book or do other activities in a place with poor lighting, Mom.
If your little one shows symptoms of minus eye, you should immediately check with an ophthalmologist. Also do regular eye exams every 2 years. That way, if your little one has a vision problem, the doctor can treat it early.