Groups of Diseases That Can Increase the Risk of Getting COVID-19

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Groups of Diseases That Can Increase the Risk of Getting COVID-19
Groups of Diseases That Can Increase the Risk of Getting COVID-19

Covid-19 disease can affect anyone regardless of age or gender. However, COVID-19 is known to be more at risk of attacking people with certain medical conditions. In this group, COVID-19 also tends to cause more severe complications and symptoms

Not everyone infected with the Corona virus will experience severe symptoms. There are some people with COVID-19 who only experience mild flu-like symptoms. In fact, there are also those who do not experience any symptoms at all even though they are positive for the Corona virus.

Groups of Diseases That Can Increase the Risk of Getting COVID-19 - Alodokter

If you experience symptoms of Corona virus infection and require a COVID-19 examination, click the link below so you can be directed to the nearest he alth facility:

  • Rapid Antibody Test
  • Antigen Swab (Rapid Test Antigen)
  • PCR

Based on information from WHO and the Ministry of He alth of the Republic of Indonesia, severe symptoms and serious complications due to COVID-19 are more often experienced by elderly people and people with certain medical conditions, for example people suffering from chronic non-communicable diseases (PTM).

Why are PTM Patients Vulnerable to COVID-19 Infection?

Non-communicable diseases are mostly chronic, that is, they occur slowly and can persist for a long time.In addition to lasting a long time, chronic diseases can also cause the patient's he alth condition to gradually decline, making them susceptible to infection.

According to several studies, people who are infected with the Corona virus and suffer from chronic diseases have a higher risk of experiencing severe fatal symptoms, as does the elderly.

This is because chronic disease causes the sufferer's immune system to weaken and it is more difficult to fight infection. As a result, the bodies of people with chronic diseases will be more susceptible to disease, including COVID-19.

In addition, most people with chronic diseases have experienced organ damage. When attacked by the Corona virus, the damage to these organs can become more severe, so the symptoms of COVID-19 that appear can also be more severe.

In addition to having chronic diseases, people with certain blood types are also considered more susceptible to being infected with COVID-19. However, there is no strong evidence to support this.

What Types of Diseases Make Sufferers Vulnerable to COVID-19?

There are several diseases that are known to put sufferers at high risk of being infected with the Corona virus and experiencing COVID-19 with more severe symptoms, namely:

1. Chronic respiratory disorders

COVID-19 generally attacks the respiratory tract. Therefore, people who have chronic diseases of the respiratory tract, such as COPD and asthma, are at high risk of experiencing severe symptoms when infected with the Corona virus.

When infected with COVID-19, people with chronic respiratory diseases will be more susceptible to severe respiratory problems, such as asthma attacks, pneumonia, or even respiratory failure.

2. Cardiovascular disease

People with cardiovascular diseases, such as coronary heart disease, heart failure, stroke, and hypertension, generally have a poor heart condition and a weaker immune system.This makes sufferers of the disease vulnerable to suffering from COVID-19 with more severe symptoms.

Several reports have also stated that the risk of death from COVID-19 in people with cardiovascular disease is higher than previously he althy COVID-19 sufferers.

3. Diabetes

Uncontrolled diabetes over time can lead to weak immune systems and damage to various organs of the body. This is what makes diabetics more susceptible to COVID-19 and fatal complications due to Corona virus infection.

In addition, Corona virus infection is also seen to increase the risk of dangerous complications from diabetes, such as diabetic ketoacidosis and sepsis. These various complications of diabetes can increase the risk of death from COVID-19 in diabetics.

4. Kidney disease

Coronavirus infection mostly attacks the respiratory tract, but this virus can also damage other organs of the body, including the kidneys.Several reports have also mentioned that there are some COVID-19 sufferers who experience acute kidney failure, even though they have no history of kidney disease.

In addition, Corona virus infection is also known to be more at risk for people who have chronic kidney disease, routinely undergo dialysis procedures, or have had kidney transplant surgery.

5. Cancer

Cancer sufferers belong to a group at high risk of being infected with the Corona virus with severe symptoms and serious complications. This is because the immune system of cancer patients is not strong enough to fight infection.

The weak immune system of cancer sufferers can be caused by various things, such as disorders of white blood cells or side effects of chemotherapy.

In addition to the several diseases above, COVID-19 is also more at risk of attacking people with autoimmune diseases. This is because people with this disease will generally receive drugs that suppress the immune system, so that their immune system is weak and susceptible to infection.

What should PTM sufferers do during the COVID-19 pandemic?

Patients with the above non-communicable diseases are advised to apply physical distancing to reduce the risk of contracting COVID-19. In addition, PTM sufferers also need to regularly take medicines prescribed by doctors so that their disease can be controlled.

During this difficult time, people with chronic diseases need to maintain a he althy lifestyle to strengthen their immune system. This can be done by eating a balanced nutritious diet, diligently washing hands, reducing stress, exercising regularly at home, and staying away from cigarette smoke.

If you have a chronic illness mentioned above and experience symptoms of fever, cough, or shortness of breath, especially if you have been in close contact with people who have or are suspected of having COVID-19, immediately contact a hospital or COVID hotline -19.

If you are still in doubt, you can check the risk of Corona virus infection or chat directly with a doctor on the Alodokter application. Through this application, you can also make an appointment with a doctor at the hospital.

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