Bloody bowel movement can be a sign of serious illness

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Bloody bowel movement can be a sign of serious illness
Bloody bowel movement can be a sign of serious illness

Bloody bowel movements are not always caused by a serious medical condition. However, you should remain vigilant and consult a doctor to determine the cause and prevent further complications

Although sometimes it is not accompanied by pain, bloody stools must still be watched out for. This condition can be caused by many things, but generally due to bleeding in the digestive tract. This bleeding can be caused by various diseases, ranging from mild to serious.

Bloody stools can be a sign of serious illness

Diseases Marked by Bloody Defecation

There are several he alth problems that can cause bloody bowel movements, including:

1. Hemorrhoids

Hemorrhoids or hemorrhoids are one of the most common causes of bloody bowel movements. Hemorrhoids occur when the blood vessels around the anus swell and burst under high pressure, causing bleeding.

In addition to bloody bowel movements, hemorrhoids can also be characterized by several other symptoms, such as lumps, itching, or pain around the anus.

2. Anal fissure

Anal fissure is a condition when the skin tissue around the anus is injured or torn. Generally, anal fissures can occur when a person passes large or too hard stools. This condition can cause pain and bleeding during bowel movements.

Another symptom of anal fissure is pain during and after defecation. During the examination, the doctor may find a tear in the skin around the anus as well as a small lump or skin hanging around the wound.

3. Diverticulitis

Diverticula are small pouches that form on the wall of the large intestine. Usually, these pockets are not a problem, but sometimes diverticula can bleed or become infected causing bloody stools.

Other symptoms of diverticulitis are abdominal pain that usually occurs in the lower left abdomen and gets worse after eating, diarrhea, constipation, or both.

4. Inflammatory bowel disease

Inflammatory bowel disease, such as ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease, can cause several symptoms, ranging from abdominal pain, fever, diarrhea, to bloody stools. This disease is thought to occur due to a combination of autoimmune conditions and infection with several germs.

In addition to the above diseases, bloody stools can also be a sign of peptic ulcer disease, angiodysplasia, esophageal varices, intestinal polyps, or colon cancer.

Different Color of Blood in Stool

The color of blood that appears in the stool varies, some are bright red, dark red, and blackish red. The difference in the color of the blood in the stool depends on the location of the bleeding.

Here is the explanation:

  • Bright red stools indicate bleeding from the lower digestive tract, such as the large intestine or anus. For example, bloody stools caused by hemorrhoids or anal fissures.
  • Dark red stools indicate bleeding from the small intestine or early large intestine, for example bleeding caused by Crohn's disease.
  • Black stool indicates bleeding from the upper digestive tract, such as the stomach or duodenum. For example, bleeding caused by peptic ulcers or esophageal varices.

Handling of bloody bowel movements is adjusted to the cause and severity. Therefore, the cause must be ascertained before the doctor can provide the appropriate treatment.

In mild cases, doctors will usually suggest changing lifestyle and eating patterns to be he althier. Meanwhile, in severe cases, treatment can be done by administering drugs to surgical procedures.

Even if it occurs without other accompanying complaints, such as pain or diarrhea, bloody stools need to be checked by a doctor so that the cause can be identified, especially if the blood is profuse and accompanied by symptoms of dizziness, shortness of breath, stomach cramps, and vomiting. severe nausea.

Also, you should get yourself checked out further if bloody stools are accompanied by drastic weight loss, fatigue, or severe abdominal pain. This could be an early symptom of colon cancer.

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