6 Causes of Difficult Defecation and the Right Way to Overcome It

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6 Causes of Difficult Defecation and the Right Way to Overcome It
6 Causes of Difficult Defecation and the Right Way to Overcome It

There are various causes of difficult bowel movements, ranging from an unhe althy lifestyle to the consumption of certain drugs. Well, because there are various causes, it's important to know what things can trigger constipation in order to treat it properly

Difficult bowel movements or constipation in medical language is called constipation. This condition occurs when the frequency of bowel movements (BAB) is reduced. Actually, the frequency of bowel movements in each person can be different, so there is no standard regarding the normal number of times to defecate in a day or a week.

6 Causes of Difficult Defecation and the Right Way to Overcome Them - Alodokter

However, not having a bowel movement for more than 3 days or having a bowel movement frequency of less than 3 times a week is a sign that you are having difficulty defecating.

Various Causes of Difficult Defecation

There are several common conditions that cause constipation, including:

1. Unhe althy lifestyle

Unhe althy eating patterns, such as consuming less fiber or fluids, can trigger constipation. In addition, changes in diet and consuming too many dairy products can also cause constipation.

Not only consumption of certain foods, eating disorders, lazy to exercise, or less active also contribute to causing constipation.

2. Pregnancy

About 40 percent of pregnant women experience constipation during pregnancy, especially in the early trimester of pregnancy. This condition occurs because the body produces more progesterone during pregnancy which results in the weakening of the body's muscles, including the intestinal muscles, making it difficult to contract.

Difficulty defecating during pregnancy is usually not dangerous. However, it is recommended that you see a doctor if you have difficulty defecating accompanied by symptoms of abdominal pain or bleeding during bowel movements.

3. Habit of delaying defecation

Some people, both children and adults, often delay going to the toilet when they feel the urge to defecate. This delaying behavior can be one of the causes of constipation. Therefore, don't delay when you get this 'call of nature', okay.

4. Effect of drugs

Consumption of certain drugs can also cause side effects in the form of difficulty defecating.These drugs can be in the form of calcium and iron supplements, antiepileptic drugs and antidepressants, diarrhea drugs, diuretics, and narcotic pain relievers, such as codeine and morphine.

In addition, medications to treat digestive disorders, such as antacids, and the habit of using laxatives can also cause constipation.

5. Certain medical conditions

Although rare, constipation can be caused by certain medical conditions, such as diabetes, irritable bowel syndrome, hypercalcemia or excess calcium in the blood, and an underactive thyroid gland.

In addition, constipation can also occur when a person has inflammatory bowel disease, colon cancer, to neurological disorders, such as multiple sclerosis, stroke, Parkinson's disease, or spinal cord injury.

6. Psychological factors

Psychic disorders can also be a cause of difficulty defecating. These psychological disorders include stress, anxiety, depression, violent trauma, or sexual harassment.

How to Overcome Difficulty Defecation

Because the cause of bowel movements is different for each person, the way to deal with it is also different. However, constipation can generally be treated with lifestyle changes. The method is as follows:

  • Enough water needs to prevent dehydration and soften stool texture.
  • Increase the consumption of fibrous foods, such as fruits, vegetables, cereals, jelly, and nuts.
  • Consumption of foods or drinks that contain probiotics, such as yogurt or kefir, to improve digestion.
  • Increase physical activity and exercise, such as walking for at least 15 minutes and doing it regularly.
  • Never delay defecation and go to the toilet immediately if you start to feel the urge to defecate.

In addition, you can also try to drink drinks that can help launch a bowel movement with natural fiber content (herbs) without causing stomach pain or cramps or excessive heartburn.

The cause of constipation is generally influenced by lifestyle. Therefore, apply a he althy lifestyle so that digestion is always smooth and body he alth is maintained.

If some of the methods above do not work to overcome constipation or if constipation has lasted long enough, consult a doctor so that an examination can be carried out to determine the cause of your bowel movements. That way, you can get the right treatment.

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