Knowing Impacted Tooth and How to Overcome It

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Knowing Impacted Tooth and How to Overcome It
Knowing Impacted Tooth and How to Overcome It

Tooth impaction is a condition in which the teeth are trapped in the gums so that their growth is not perfect. This condition mostly occurs in the wisdom teeth of adults. Impacted teeth need to be handled properly because they can cause toothache, tooth decay, and gum disease

Tooth impaction occurs when wisdom teeth grow imperfectly because they don't get enough space to grow and come out of the gums.

Knowing Impacted Tooth and How to Overcome It - Alodokter

This condition can cause wisdom teeth or the last molars to grow sideways, toward or away from the molars next to them, buried, or only partially erupted.

Causes of Impacted Tooth

Tooth impaction is actually quite common and most of them are not accompanied by pain or cause complaints. However, when wisdom teeth grow sideways or do not emerge from the surface of the gums, pain or other complaints may be felt.

Tooth impaction can occur for various reasons, including:

  • The jaw is too small so there is not enough room for the teeth to grow
  • Teeth become crooked or crooked when trying to grow
  • The other teeth have grown in an irregular position so that they are blocking the wisdom teeth

Experts believe that impacted teeth have a domino effect. That is, when the teeth that grow sideways press on the teeth next to them, the teeth will grow irregularly. This irregular growth of teeth can cause problems in chewing.

Symptoms of Tooth Impaction

Teeth that are buried or only partially grown can cause food debris to get stuck. In addition, bacteria are also easier to enter, causing pain and swelling of the gums.

The hidden position of the teeth at the back makes it difficult for a toothbrush to reach. If not cleaned, food debris stuck in the area can trigger pericoronitis. This disorder can cause symptoms such as swollen gums, pain, and bad breath.

Other symptoms of tooth impaction include:

  • Teeth only appear slightly on the surface of the gums
  • Pain in jaw
  • Prolonged headache
  • Swollen and red gums around buried teeth
  • Difficulty opening mouth
  • The lymph nodes in the neck swell
  • Toothache when biting, especially in the part where the tooth is impacted

How to Overcome Tooth Impaction

To relieve pain from impacted teeth, you can do the following:

  • Compressing the painful area with a cold compress
  • Gargle with warm s alt water
  • Take painkillers, such as aspirin

Although these treatments can help relieve pain, you are still advised to see a dentist. The dentist will provide treatment according to the condition of the impacted tooth.

If the impacted tooth has had a negative impact on other teeth, the doctor will usually recommend tooth extraction or wisdom tooth surgery.

The action can actually be done at any time. However, extraction of impacted teeth tends to be easier in patients who are not yet 20 years old. At that age, the roots of the teeth are not fully developed so they are easier to remove.

If left untreated, impacted teeth can lead to various complications, such as:

  • periodontitis
  • Tooth or gum abscess
  • Tooth pain
  • Malocclusion or irregular arrangement of teeth
  • Formation of dental plaque
  • nerve damage around teeth

Tooth impaction often does not cause complaints. However, you are still advised to visit the dentist regularly every 6 months. In addition to monitoring the growth of wisdom teeth, this action is also needed to ensure dental and oral he alth.

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