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Indigestion in toddlers is a common condition. Although usually classified as mild, there are types of digestive disorders that require medical treatment. Therefore, it is important to know the digestive disorders that can be experienced by toddlers and how to overcome them
Digestive disorders in toddlers or infants under the age of 3 years are generally characterized by the appearance of several symptoms, such as fussiness, flatulence, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and even dehydration. This condition can be caused by many factors, ranging from poor diet, gastrointestinal infections, to lactose intolerance.
Digestive Disorders Common To Toddlers
There are some common digestive disorders experienced by toddlers, including:
Spiting up is a common condition experienced by babies due to eating too much or swallowing air while feeding. This can happen because the baby's esophagus is not fully developed and the stomach is still very small.
Even so, spitting up in babies is not a worrying condition, as long as it doesn't happen excessively or prolonged. This condition will usually go away when the baby is 6-12 months old, because at that time the esophageal muscles can function properly.
\Stomach bloating is also quite common because the digestive tract is not functioning properly. This condition can be caused by many things, from eating or drinking too fast to sucking on an empty pacifier.
Not only that, the consumption of foods that contain gas, such as broccoli, sweet potatoes, onions, or cabbage, can also make children bloated. There are also other conditions that can cause flatulence, such as acid reflux disease and lactose intolerance.
Colic is a condition when a child cries excessively for 3 hours or more a day. This condition usually occurs in the first few weeks after the baby is born and will stop when he is 4 months old.
The cause of colic is still unknown. However, this condition is thought to occur when the baby feels uncomfortable with his stomach due to too much gas in the digestive tract, is hungry, or is too full.
Constipation or difficult bowel movements are included in digestive disorders in toddlers which also often occur. This condition is usually caused by excessive breastfeeding, the weaning process, dehydration, or certain medical conditions.
Symptoms of constipation in toddlers are quite easy to recognize, one of which is that the child does not defecate for 3 or more days a week. In addition, several other symptoms can also appear, such as the child's stomach feels tense, decreased appetite, and cries every time he is invited to the toilet to defecate due to pain when straining.
Basically, as long as the child is still consuming breast milk, formula milk, or semi-solid food, the texture of the stool during defecation tends to be soft. However, you should be wary when your little one is defecating too often, the texture of the stool is liquid, or there are a lot of them. This could be a sign that your little one has diarrhea.
Diarrhea in toddlers can be caused by many factors, ranging from infections, allergies to certain foods or drugs, too much fruit juice consumption, to food poisoning.
Although it is quite common, indigestion in toddlers should not be taken lightly, especially if this condition occurs continuously or repeatedly.
A study revealed that children who often experience digestive disorders are more at risk of experiencing nutritional deficiencies and tend to be less active so that it can affect the learning process and their daily activities.
How to Overcome Digestive Disorders in Toddlers
There are various simple ways you can do when your little one often has digestive disorders, including:
1. Pay attention to the correct feeding or feeding position
Get used to breastfeeding or feeding the child in an upright condition and maintain this position for about 20 minutes after giving milk or food. This is done to prevent milk and food from rising back up into the esophagus. Also make sure your little one doesn't eat or drink too fast.
2. Gently massage the abdomen
If your little one has bloating, gently massage his tummy to relieve gas or make his stomach feel better. In addition, you can also rub your little one's back with the stomach facing down or face down on the mattress or both of your thighs.
3. Meet the intake of fluids and fiber
If your toddler suffers from constipation, you need to provide adequate fluids, either from breast milk, formula, or water. In addition, the mother can also give it fibrous food when the little one is over 6 months old. Prioritize giving him fiber intake from whole fruits or vegetables, such as apples or spinach.
4. Avoid certain foods when experiencing indigestion
If your little one has diarrhea, avoid any foods that can make diarrhea symptoms worse, such as oily foods, high-fiber foods, spicy and sour foods, or foods that are too sweet.
5. Consider changing formula
If your little one consumes formula milk, you should consult a doctor first to consider replacing formula milk. For example, with partially hydrolyzed protein formula.
Although still being researched, this type of milk is considered to have a softer protein formula so that it is easily digested and absorbed by the child's body. In addition, you can also choose the type of lactose-free milk if your little one is proven to be lactose intolerant.
However, don't forget to pay attention to the nutritional content in formula milk, such as calcium, iron, omega-3, folic acid, vitamin B1, vitamin B6, and vitamin B12, so that children's nutritional needs can be met and their growth and development can be met. optimal.
Maintain a he althy and suitable diet for your little one to maintain digestive he alth. Also invite your little one to always be actively moving, both when exercising and playing, to support the digestive process and growth and development.
If indigestion in toddlers doesn't improve or gets worse, immediately check with the doctor for proper examination and treatment.