Large Testicle, Normal Condition but Can Be Dangerous

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Large Testicle, Normal Condition but Can Be Dangerous
Large Testicle, Normal Condition but Can Be Dangerous

Large testicle size is normal as long as it is not accompanied by pain. However, if the difference is large enough, you should be wary

The testicles or testicles are oval-shaped organs that hang in the scrotum, behind the penis. The testes of an adult male are generally 15 ml (about the size of a bird's egg) to 35 ml (about the size of a free-range chicken egg).

One-sided large testicle, normal condition but can be dangerous - Alodokter

The main function of the testes is to store and produce sperm, as well as to produce testosterone. Testosterone is the hormone responsible for the physical changes during puberty.

Is the Size of the Large Testicle Normal?

The condition of the large testicle is actually a normal thing. Usually, the size of the right testicle tends to be larger than the left. The difference in size is generally not too much, which is no more than half a teaspoon.

In addition to their different sizes, one testicle also tends to hang lower in the scrotum (testicles) than the other. However, this is normal and there is no need to worry too much as long as there are no complaints of aches and pains when moving, sitting, or standing.

To find out if your testicles are normal or not, here's how to check them:

  • Position the body in a standing position. Gently feel the right testicle using your thumb and forefinger. The testicles will taste like eggs.
  • Check for lumps, tender areas, or pain.
  • Feel the lower part of the scrotum to examine the epididymis. The epididymis is a tube that attaches to the testes. Its function is to store sperm, distribute sperm out of the testes during ejaculation, and help provide nutrition to the testes.
  • Do the same on the left testicle.

Self-examination of the testicles is recommended to be done at least once every month. Especially if you have a history of testicular tumors, testicles do not descend into the scrotum, or have a family history of testicular cancer.

What if the Large Testis Is Accompanied by Pain?

If the difference in testicular size is quite large, accompanied by pain, swelling, lumps, and redness, you are advised to consult a doctor. The reason is, this condition can be a symptom of certain diseases, such as:

1. Hydrocele

A hydrocele is a buildup of fluid in the scrotum around the testicles. Hydrocele is common in newborns and tends to go away on its own by the time the baby is 1 year old. In children and adults, a hydrocele can occur due to inflammation or injury within the scrotum.

2. Epididymitis

Epididimitis occurs when the epididymis or the tube that stores sperm becomes inflamed. Inflammation of the epididymis occurs when this area becomes infected. The causes of epididymitis vary, but the common trigger is sexually transmitted diseases, such as chlamydia and gonorrhea.

3. Epididymal cyst

The formation of cysts in the epididymis is caused by excess fluid. This condition is harmless and does not require any treatment.

4. Varicocele

This condition arises due to enlarged veins in the scrotum and usually does not need to be treated as long as other symptoms are not followed, such as pain in the testicles when sitting that improves when lying down.Varicoceles can affect sperm count and quality, but not in all cases.

5. Orchitis

Is inflammation of the testicles caused by a viral infection. Orchitis can cause testicular damage.

6. Testicular torsion

Also called a twisted testicle. This condition can slow or even stop blood flow to the testicles, can cause severe pain, and is an emergency that requires immediate medical attention.

7. Testicular cancer

Testicular cancer occurs when cancer cells grow in the testicles. Testicular cancer is a rare disease. Only 4 out of 100 lumps on the testicles are declared cancer.

As long as the testicular size difference is not too significant, you don't need to worry. Especially if you don't feel other complaints, such as pain in the testicles, problems with ejaculation, or difficulty getting offspring, because these conditions may not be dangerous.

However, you are advised to consult a doctor immediately if a large one-sided testicle is accompanied by any of the other symptoms mentioned above, or if the difference in testicular size worries you.

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