Table of contents:
- Indication of Medical Check Up Visa
- Medical Check Up Visa Warning
- Before Medical Check Up Visa
- Medical Check Up Visa Procedure
- After and Results of Medical Check Up Visa
- Side Effects of Medical Check Up Visa
Medical check up visa is a he alth check to meet the requirements of a country's visa application. This he alth check aims to prevent the risk of spreading infectious diseases from the country of origin to the country of destination
Visa is an official permit granted by a country to residents of another country so that they can visit or stay for a certain period of time. Most countries require residents of other countries to have a visa before entering their territory.
To get a visa, a person needs to provide the results of a medical check up as one of the requirements for applying for a visa. Medical check-up visa is carried out by a doctor or hospital that has been appointed by the immigration agency of each country.
Indication of Medical Check Up Visa
Each country has different provisions regarding the terms and conditions that require a person to undergo a medical check-up visa. The following are some conditions that require a person to do a medical check-up to get a visa:
- Has a plan to stay or stay in the destination country, for example for >12 months in New Zealand, >6 months in the UK, or >6 months in Canada
- Applying for a seasonal employer visa in the destination country (recognized seasonal employer limited visa)
- Application for a visa to study in the destination country (student visa) or take part in other educational programs
- Come from or have visited a country that has a high incidence of tuberculosis or HIV/AIDS
- Suffering or at risk of developing a serious infection, such as HIV or hepatitis B
- Has a history of drug use
- Have you ever had a blood transfusion
- Has a plan to give birth in the destination country, for pregnant women
Medical Check Up Visa Warning
There are several things that need to be considered before undergoing a medical check-up visa, namely:
- Ask first to the doctor or the chosen hospital regarding what preparations need to be made before a medical check-up.
- Tell the doctor what medicines you are currently taking, including supplements and herbal products, because it is feared that the chemicals contained in certain medicines or supplements may affect the results of the medical check-up.
- Tell your doctor if you have a chronic illness or other medical disorder.
- Avoid drinking alcohol at least 24 hours before undergoing a medical check-up, as it can affect the test results.
- Avoid medical check-up procedures while menstruating, because it can affect urine test results.
- Avoid this type of examination using X-rays for pregnant women, because it can affect the development of the fetus.
Before Medical Check Up Visa
Prepare the following documents before undergoing a medical check-up visa:
- Original passport
- KTP or birth certificate
- Passport (size and number determined by immigration authorities)
- Introduction letter from embassy
- Results of past examinations, such as medical records, vaccination history, or X-rays
- Record of drugs being consumed
- Contact lenses, if you are using them
Visa applicants, especially those under the age of 17, are also required to bring their parents or guardians with them when undergoing a medical check-up visa.
Medical Check Up Visa Procedure
Each country has different provisions regarding the types of tests that visa applicants need to undergo in a medical check-up visa. However, the type of medical examination that a visa applicant must undergo generally depends on the following:
- Type of visa applied
- Long stay in destination country
- Activities to be carried out in the destination country
- Age of visa applicant
- History or risk of infectious disease in the country of origin
- Certain medical conditions suffered by the applicant
Series of examination procedures that can be carried out in a medical check-up visa are:
He alth history check
This stage is the earliest stage and must be carried out in the medical check-up visa process. The doctor will ask the patient several things, such as:
- Current he alth condition
- History of the patient's he alth and the patient's family, including the type of disease that has been suffered or the disease passed down from the patient's family
- Types of drugs being consumed
- History of surgery or other medical therapy that the patient has gone through
- Patient's lifestyle and daily habits, such as exercise or smoking
Vital sign check
Before checking vital signs, the doctor will first measure the patient's height and weigh. Only after that, vital signs are checked. This examination aims to measure blood pressure, heart rate, body temperature, and respiratory rate.
Checking the general condition of the patient
This examination is carried out on several parts of the body to detect disorders that may be experienced by the patient. The inspections carried out include:
- Head and neck examination, to examine the ears, nose, eyes, throat, lymph nodes, thyroid, neck blood vessels, as well as teeth and gums
- Cardiac examination, to detect abnormalities or disorders of the heart, such as irregular heartbeat or abnormal heart sounds
- Lung examination, to detect abnormal breath sounds
- Abdominal examination, to detect enlarged liver, spleen, and the presence of fluid in the abdominal cavity by pressing the patient's abdomen, and detecting abnormal sounds in the intestines with a stethoscope
- Examination of the nervous system, to check muscle strength, reflexes, and body balance
To find out some special conditions, the doctor will perform several types of supporting examinations, such as:
- Laboratory examination, by taking blood and urine samples for later analysis in the laboratory to detect infections, such as HIV, hepatitis, urinary tract infections, or syphilis
- X-rays, generally chest X-rays, to check the condition of the heart and look for possible lung infections, such as tuberculosis
- Tuberculosis test, because Indonesia is a tuberculosis (TB) endemic country, so some countries may require a TB examination before granting a visa
In addition to chest X-rays, tests to detect tuberculosis can also be performed with sputum examination and Mantoux test.
After and Results of Medical Check Up Visa
After the entire medical check-up process is completed, the doctor will assess and analyze the results of the examination.
The results of the inspection will then be reported and sent to the immigration office of the country concerned. After being sent, the results of the examination will be taken into consideration by the immigration authorities to accept or refuse a visa permit, in accordance with the he alth standards determined by the applicant's destination country.
The results of the medical check-up visa are valid for 12 months. Applicants are required to do a re-medical check-up, if they plan to apply for a visa again after 12 months.
Side Effects of Medical Check Up Visa
Medical check-up visa is carried out through several series of checks. Side effects that may occur on a medical check-up visa can be caused by side effects from some of these examinations, such as discomfort or bruising on the part of the body that was pricked by a needle during a blood test.