This is the Importance of Prenatal Vitamins for Pregnancy

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This is the Importance of Prenatal Vitamins for Pregnancy
This is the Importance of Prenatal Vitamins for Pregnancy

Prenatal vitamins are important to be consumed by pregnant women to ensure that their nutritional needs are met during pregnancy. However, not only that, by taking prenatal vitamins, the risk of disease in pregnant women and the fetus they contain can also be reduced

Basically, eating he althy food is the best way to get nutrients, including vitamins and minerals. However, the nutrients obtained from food are sometimes still not fulfilled, moreover, the needs of pregnant women are also higher than usual. That is why pregnant women need additional intake of prenatal vitamins.

This is the Importance of Prenatal Vitamins for Pregnancy - Alodokter

Knowing Prenatal Vitamins

Prenatal vitamins are a combination of vitamins and minerals that women need before, during, and after pregnancy, for the he alth of pregnant women and their babies.

The following are some of the important substances commonly found in prenatal vitamins:

1. Folic acid

Folic acid is a type of B vitamin, vitamin B9 to be precise, which is found in supplements or certain types of food. Folic acid has an important role in preventing birth defects, such as spina bifida, anencephaly, and encephalocele. Pregnant women are advised to consume at least 400 micrograms of folic acid per day.

2. Iron

Pregnant women are recommended to meet at least 27 mg of iron per day. During pregnancy, iron is essential for the growth of the fetus and placenta, especially in the second and third trimesters of pregnancy.Pregnant women who are iron deficient are at risk of premature birth or giving birth to babies with low birth weight.

3. Calcium

Calcium is a mineral that is important for the growth of bones, teeth, and he althy nerves and muscles in babies. Pregnant women also need to meet the needs of calcium to prevent bone loss and improve the blood circulation system. That is why pregnant women are advised to consume at least 1000 mg of calcium per day.

4. Zinc

Zinc or zinc is a mineral in prenatal vitamins that are good for the he alth of fetal development. Pregnant women who are deficient in zinc are at risk of having babies who grow slowly, have low birth weight, and are born prematurely. The recommended dose for pregnant women in consuming zinc is 11 mg per day.

5. Vitamin A

Vitamin A plays an important role in fetal growth and development, including the development of the eyes, ears, limbs, and heart.However, excess vitamin A is also not good because it can cause birth defects in babies. Well, prenatal vitamins contain vitamin A which is safe for pregnant women to consume and in doses according to daily needs, which is 770 mcg of vitamin A.

6. Vitamin B complex

Vitamin B complex consists of various types of B vitamins, ranging from vitamins B1, B2 to B12. The benefits of B vitamins for pregnancy are also diverse, such as improving the he alth of the baby's eyes, skin, bones, muscles, and nerves. For pregnant women, vitamin B complex can reduce the risk of preeclampsia and pregnancy complications.

7. Vitamin D

A study shows that giving vitamin D supplements to pregnant women can help prevent preeclampsia, support fetal nerve he alth, and increase calcium absorption. For this reason, pregnant women are recommended to consume a minimum of 600 IU of vitamin D per day, both from food and supplements.

8. Vitamins C and E

Vitamins C and E are also important for pregnant women to consume. These two vitamins are usually given together because they both act as antioxidants and are useful for protecting body cells from free radical damage, as well as producing collagen which is useful for building bones, cartilage, and tendons.

When Should You Take Prenatal Vitamins?

Ideally, prenatal vitamins are taken before you plan to get pregnant, because when you are pregnant, these vitamins are very good for supporting the development and growth of the fetal neural tube in the early stages of pregnancy. However, it is also recommended that you continue to take prenatal vitamins during pregnancy.

It is important to remember that prenatal vitamins are supplements to support nutritional intake from a he althy diet for mothers-to-be and their babies. This vitamin is not a substitute for a he althy diet that you still have to consume every day.

Prenatal vitamins are very important for pregnant women, especially with the following conditions:

  • Vegetarian or vegan
  • Smoking
  • Has lactose intolerance or intolerance to other types of food
  • Has a certain blood disorder
  • Has an eating disorder
  • Has a certain chronic disease
  • Has been pregnant with twins
  • Have had gastric surgery

Although you can easily find prenatal vitamins on the market, you still have to consult your doctor before taking any vitamins. Not all women are suitable for taking certain types of prenatal vitamins.

Besides, some prenatal vitamins can sometimes make you feel nauseous. If that happens, stop using it and consult your doctor to get a prenatal vitamin that suits your he alth condition and that of your little one in the womb.

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