Hyperlipidemia: Blood Fat Imbalance Triggers Heart Disease

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Hyperlipidemia: Blood Fat Imbalance Triggers Heart Disease
Hyperlipidemia: Blood Fat Imbalance Triggers Heart Disease

Hyperlipidemia is the medical term for the condition of high cholesterol. Sometimes, this condition does not cause symptoms, but it can increase the risk of heart disease, stroke, and can lead to death. Therefore, it is important for you to be aware of this condition

Hyperlipidemia is characterized by high levels of cholesterol or triglycerides. Both are the main fat in the blood. Cholesterol is produced naturally in the liver and can be obtained from fatty foods, such as eggs, red meat, and cheese, while triglycerides come from extra calories stored by the body.

Hyperlipidemia: Blood Fat Imbalance Triggers Heart Disease

Cholesterol is divided into 2 types, namely good cholesterol (high density lipoprotein or HDL) and bad cholesterol (low density lipoprotein or LDL). Well, hyperlipidemia is caused by too much bad cholesterol in the blood and not having enough good cholesterol to clean it.

This condition can then cause blockages or plaques on the walls of blood vessels. Over time, this plaque can expand and clog arteries, which can lead to heart disease and stroke.

Risk Factors for Hyperlipidemia

There are several factors that can increase a person's risk of developing hyperlipidemia, including:

1. Unhe althy lifestyle

Obesity, eating too many fatty foods, smoking habits, consuming alcoholic beverages too often, and being lazy to exercise can increase bad cholesterol levels and reduce good cholesterol levels.

2. Certain drugs

Birth control pills, diuretic drugs, and some types of antidepressants are also known to affect your cholesterol levels.

3. Certain he alth conditions

Abnormal cholesterol levels can be found in pregnant women and people suffering from certain diseases, such as diabetes, kidney disease, thyroid disorders, and polycystic ovary syndrome.

4. Descendants

Hyperlipidemia can also be genetic or hereditary. Generally, people with hereditary hyperlipidemia have high cholesterol and triglyceride levels since their teens. This condition increases the risk of early coronary heart disease and heart attack.

The symptoms can be felt within a few years, such as chest pain, mild heart attack, cramps in the calf when walking, sores on the toes that do not heal, and symptoms of stroke.

Symptoms and Diagnosis of Hyperlipidemia

Hyperlipidemia shows almost no signs and symptoms. However, in hereditary hyperlipidemia, symptoms such as yellowish fat growth around the eyes and joints may appear.

To confirm the condition of hyperlipidemia, a blood test called a fat profile or lipid panel examination must be performed. The results of this examination will show total cholesterol levels, triglyceride levels, good cholesterol levels and bad cholesterol.

Cholesterol levels for each person can vary depending on history and he alth conditions. However, normal cholesterol levels are as follows:

  • Total cholesterol levels are below 200 mg/dL, and can be said to be high if they exceed 240 mg/dL
  • LDL levels are considered normal if they range from 100–129 mg/dL, and are categorized as very high if they exceed 190 mg/dL
  • Triglyceride levels are below 150 mg/dL, and are categorized as high if they exceed 200 mg/dL

How to Overcome Hyperlipidemia

Hyperlipidemia can actually be overcome in a simple way, namely by changing and improving your lifestyle. However, in some cases, hyperlipidemia must be treated by taking medical drugs.

The following are some ways to lower the risk of high cholesterol:

Implementing a he althy lifestyle

Live a he althy lifestyle and a he althy diet with a low-fat and fiber-rich menu, maintain your weight, be diligent in exercising, stop smoking, and limit the consumption of alcoholic beverages, can lower your cholesterol levels.

Taking medicine

There are several types of drugs to treat hyperlipidemic conditions, namely:

  • Drugs of the statin class, such as simvastatin, atorvastatin, rosuvastatin. This drug is proven to be effective in lowering cholesterol levels in the blood.
  • Nicotinic acid. This drug can lower bad cholesterol levels and high triglyceride levels.
  • Fibrat, which is another type of drug to lower triglyceride levels and increase good cholesterol levels.

To overcome hyperlipidemia, in addition to living a he althy lifestyle, you need to routinely carry out regular blood tests so that fat levels in the body are monitored. You can also consult a doctor to determine the right steps for treating hyperlipidemia according to your condition.

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