Understanding the Causes and Symptoms of Acute Gastritis

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Understanding the Causes and Symptoms of Acute Gastritis
Understanding the Causes and Symptoms of Acute Gastritis

Acute gastritis or acute gastritis is a condition when the stomach lining becomes inflamed that occurs suddenly. If you experience this condition, you will feel pain in the abdomen, which is generally temporary. However, if acute gastritis is left untreated and continues to repeat itself, this condition can cause more severe problems

Complaints that appear suddenly and worsen quickly are called acute conditions. This is the opposite of a chronic condition, which is a long-lasting condition or disease. Diseases that are acute, if not treated, can continue in the long term, so that they become chronic.

Understanding the Causes and Symptoms of Acute Ulcer - Alodokter

However, if a chronic disease does not recur for a long time, then one day it recurs, this complaint can be considered acute even though the underlying disease is chronic.

Causes of Acute Ulcer

Acute gastritis or acute gastritis occurs due to damage to the stomach lining. This damage becomes more severe because of irritation due to stomach acid. In general, acute gastritis can be caused by several things, including:

H. pylori infection

H. pylori bacteria is a type of bacteria that can be found in the digestive tract, but often attacks and causes disturbances in the form of inflammation of the stomach lining.

Use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and corticosteroids

Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and corticosteroids are also often the cause of acute ulcers, because the side effects of these drugs generally attack the digestive tract.

Consumption of alcoholic beverages

Alcoholic drinks consumed in excess can irritate the stomach and cause acute ulcers.

In addition to the three things above, acute gastritis can also be affected by several other rare conditions, such as autoimmune diseases, viral infections, kidney failure, Crohn's disease, or sarcoidosis. The burden of thought or stress is also considered to be able to trigger this complaint due to excess stomach acid production.

Acute Stomach Symptoms

Some people can experience acute gastritis but don't realize it because the symptoms are still mild. Not infrequently these symptoms are also ignored and not considered a problem. However, there are also people who experience acute ulcer symptoms which are quite disturbing. Symptoms of acute gastritis are generally in the form of:

  • heartburn
  • Stomach bloating or feeling full, especially after eating.
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • No appetite
  • Hot burning feeling in stomach
  • Vomiting blood
  • black chapter

How to Relieve Acute Gastritis

If you often experience acute gastritis, there are several ways that you can do to relieve this condition, namely:

  • Reduce consumption of hot, spicy and sour foods.
  • Reduce the consumption of foods high in fat and processed by frying.
  • Reduce the consumption of alcohol and drinks containing caffeine, such as coffee, chocolate, tea, and beverages
  • Avoid eating large portions.
  • Reduce stress and manage stress properly.
  • Quit smoking.

There are several types of food to relieve acute gastric complaints that you can consume, and keep the disease from recurring.These foods are low-fat foods (chicken breast and fish), low-acid foods (vegetables), probiotic foods (yogurt), and high-fiber foods (oatmeal, broccoli, carrots, apples).

Acute gastritis can come at any time, but you can avoid it with a he althy diet and lifestyle. If you experience acute gastritis repeatedly, immediately consult a doctor.

The doctor will ask about your complaints and medical history, then perform a physical examination and supporting examinations such as ultrasound or endoscopy. In this way, the doctor can find out the condition of your stomach more clearly and can provide the appropriate treatment.

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