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Signs of HIV AIDS usually do not appear immediately when someone is newly infected with HIV. Because at the beginning of the infection, the symptoms that appear are similar to the symptoms of the common cold. HIV is often only detected when it has entered an advanced stage
HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) is a virus that attacks the immune system. Without a strong immune system, the body has difficulty fighting infection, so people with HIV are more susceptible to disease.
Explanation About HIV
HIV works by destroying white blood cells that play an important role in the immune system. The more damaged white blood cells, the weaker the immune system.
Many people think HIV is AIDS and vice versa. Even though being infected with HIV does not always lead to AIDS if the status of HIV infection is quickly detected and treated.
At a very severe level of HIV infection, the body's immunity is greatly reduced, making the body more susceptible to infections and cancer. This deadly condition is called AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome).
However, HIV infection can take several years to progress to AIDS.
Symptoms and Signs of HIV AIDS
Many people with HIV do not know they are infected. This is because the symptoms and signs of HIV/AIDS in the early stages often do not cause severe symptoms. HIV infection to AIDS is divided into 3 phases, namely:
First phase: acute HIV infection
The first phase generally appears after 1-4 weeks of HIV infection. In this early phase, people with HIV will experience flu-like symptoms, such as:
- Sore throat
- Lost appetite
- Muscle pain
- Swollen lymph nodes
Symptoms and signs of HIV/AIDS can appear because the immune system is trying to fight the virus. These symptoms can last for 1-2 weeks or even more.
Second phase: HIV latent phase
In this phase, people with HIV/AIDS do not show typical signs and symptoms, and can even feel he althy. Whereas secretly, the HIV virus is proliferating and attacking white blood cells that play a role in fighting infection.
In this phase, the signs of HIV/AIDS are not visible, but sufferers can still transmit it to others. At the end of the second phase, the white blood cells decrease drastically so that more severe symptoms begin to appear.
Third phase: AIDS
AIDS is the toughest phase of HIV infection. In this phase, the body almost loses its ability to fight disease. This is because the white blood cell count is far below normal.
Signs of HIV AIDS at this stage include drastic weight loss, frequent fever, fatigue, chronic diarrhea, and swollen lymph nodes.
Because in the AIDS phase, the immune system is very weak, so people with HIV/AIDS will be very susceptible to infections and certain types of cancer. Diseases that usually occur in AIDS sufferers include:
- Fungal infection of the mouth and throat
- Tuberculosis (TB)
- Cancer, such as lymphoma and Kaposi's sarcoma
HIV Prevention and Treatment
Prevention and early treatment of HIV infection is the main key so that this condition does not develop into the dangerous AIDS.
Therefore, living a he althy lifestyle and avoiding risky behaviors, such as casual sex or sharing needles, are effective ways to prevent HIV/AIDS.
To avoid HIV and AIDS, you must implement the following:
- Using a condom during sexual intercourse. Use condoms correctly to avoid leakage.
- Do not change partners.
- Avoid direct contact with other people's body fluids, for example through wounds or sex
- Do not share personal equipment such as toothbrushes, razors, and sex toys.
- Start ARV treatment if you are at risk of exposure to the HIV virus. In addition, do regular HIV status checks.
Understand that HIV is transmitted through bodily fluids, such as blood, breast milk, semen, and vaginal fluids. HIV cannot be transmitted through saliva, insect bites, food, or drink. In addition, HIV is also not transmitted through the use of the toilet, or shaking hands and hugging with sufferers.
Until now, there is no cure for HIV infection. However, HIV can still be controlled by taking antiretrovirals (ARVs), which are drugs that work by preventing viral duplication.
Antretrovirals are available in tablet form and must be taken daily. Consumption of this drug on a regular basis can slow the course of HIV disease and prolong the life expectancy of sufferers.Without this treatment, HIV can progress to AIDS more quickly.
Get yourself checked immediately and do an HIV detection test if you are at risk of being infected or experiencing symptoms and signs of HIV/AIDS. Don't be shy or embarrassed to consult a doctor and get tested for HIV, because early treatment can slow the progression of HIV infection to AIDS.