How to Overcome and Prevent Sore Throat during Pregnancy

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How to Overcome and Prevent Sore Throat during Pregnancy
How to Overcome and Prevent Sore Throat during Pregnancy

Sore throat during pregnancy can occur due to several things, one of which is the immune system which tends to decrease during pregnancy. This condition often causes discomfort. However, pregnant women need not worry, because there are several ways to deal with sore throats that you can try

Sore throat during pregnancy can be caused by various things and the treatment depends on the underlying cause. However, treatment steps are generally aimed at relieving the discomfort caused.

How to Overcome and Prevent Sore Throat during Pregnancy - Alodokter

Therefore, it is important to know the cause of sore throat during pregnancy so that treatment and prevention steps can be taken. Thus, pregnant women can be more comfortable during pregnancy.

Causes of Sore Throat During Pregnancy

It has been mentioned earlier that a sore throat during pregnancy can be caused by various things. The following are some of the causes:


Sore throat during pregnancy can be caused by bacterial, viral, and fungal infections. This infection can cause sore throat, which can trigger sore throat and cause discomfort to pregnant women.

stomach acid rises

Between the throat and stomach, there is a ring-shaped muscle that relaxes when swallowing food, allowing food to enter the stomach.

However, the level of the hormone progesterone that rises during pregnancy can reduce the strength of these muscles and trigger an increase in stomach acid. This is what can cause a sore throat in pregnant women.


Vomiting during pregnancy can be affected by increased hormone levels. In more severe conditions, increased hormone levels can cause pregnant women to vomit excessively. This condition is known as hyperemesis gravidarum.

Over time, vomiting can cause sore throats in pregnant women and trigger sore throats.

In addition to the above conditions, sore throat in pregnant women can also be caused by sores or injuries in the throat due to food such as fish spines or frequent screaming. Pregnant women who have asthma also have the potential to experience a sore throat if their asthma recurs.

Not only discomfort, sore throat in pregnant women is sometimes accompanied by several symptoms, such as:

  • Throat hurts or itches
  • Neck hurts when pressed or held
  • Coughs, coughs and sneezes
  • Headache
  • Aches
  • Reduced appetite
  • Bad breath
  • Fever

The pain in the throat may increase when swallowing or speaking. The throat or tonsils will appear red or have pus around them. This condition is more common in strep throat caused by bacteria.

How to Overcome Sore Throat During Pregnancy

If pregnant women have a sore throat, here are some treatments that can be done at home:

Gargle with s alt water

You can use s alt water as a mouthwash. The benefits of gargling with s alt water can relieve itching in the throat, kill bacteria, reduce swelling, and thin phlegm.

How to make it is quite easy, namely by dissolving half a teaspoon of s alt with a glass of warm water. Gargle regularly every 3 hours or so.

Use a mixture of lemon and honey

Using a mixture of lemon water and honey as a sore throat medicine during pregnancy can be an option. It's very easy, just add a slice of lemon and honey to hot tea.

A study shows that honey can be an effective ingredient in the wound healing process. Therefore, honey can speed up the healing of a sore throat.

Drink more water

Drinking more water can loosen phlegm and relieve throat. Not only that, meeting the needs of body fluids can also prevent pregnant women from the risk of dehydration. Therefore, don't hesitate to drink lots of water.

How to Prevent Sore Throat During Pregnancy

To prevent sore throat during pregnancy, there are several preventive steps that pregnant women can take, including:

1. Get enough rest and avoid stress

Pregnant women are advised to get enough rest and avoid stress so that the immune system increases. A boosted immune system can prevent pregnant women from getting sick due to infections, including sore throats.

2. Consumption of nutritious food

Consuming nutritious food during pregnancy is not only good for the growth and development of the fetus but also the he alth condition of the pregnant woman. Some types of food that are good for pregnant women to eat are fruits and vegetables.

The content of vitamins and minerals in fruits and vegetables can increase the body's ability to fight germs that cause infection.

3. Consumption of pregnancy vitamins regularly

In order to maintain pregnancy conditions, pregnant women can take prenatal vitamins, especially in the first trimester. However, before pregnant women take pregnancy vitamins, consult your doctor first to find out the right dose.

4. Wash your hands all the time

Regular hand washing can prevent the risk of disease transmission. Make it a habit to wash your hands before and after eating, after using the toilet, or after sneezing and coughing.

5. Avoid contact with sick people

One of the efforts to prevent the risk of transmission of germs that cause sore throats is to avoid direct contact with people with sore throats. Also, avoid sharing eating utensils such as plates and glasses with people with sore throats.

Sore throat during pregnancy is a common thing. However, pregnant women should always maintain a he althy body, especially in the first trimester of pregnancy. This is because the baby's organs are starting to form and require adequate nutrition.

If some of the methods above have been done, but the sore throat does not go away or is even accompanied by symptoms of difficulty swallowing and breathing, immediately consult a doctor. The doctor will conduct an examination and determine the appropriate and safe treatment for pregnant women.

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