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Diarrhea medicine is needed to treat diarrhea that gets worse quickly or doesn't go away after a few days. Before consuming it, it is important to understand the instructions for using diarrhea medicine so that the medicine can work optimally
Diarrhea can be caused by viruses, bacteria, lactose intolerance, certain medical conditions, or side effects of drugs or surgery. Generally this condition lasts for 2-3 days.
However, if diarrhea does not go away, you need to take diarrhea medicine to prevent complications, such as dehydration. The use of diarrhea medicine must also be adjusted to the cause of diarrhea.
Choice of Diarrhea Drugs and How to Use It
The following are a selection of diarrhea medications commonly prescribed by doctors and their instructions for use:
ORS is a liquid diarrhea medicine consisting of a mixture of water, sugar, and s alt. This drug serves to replace lost fluids and electrolytes. During diarrhea, the body will lose a lot of fluids. Therefore, you are advised to consume electrolyte drinks or ORS to prevent dehydration.
ORS can be consumed by everyone with doses adjusted by the doctor. The general dose of ORS for children aged over 1 year is 100–200 ml each time a bowel movement. Meanwhile, the dose of ORS for children under 1 year is 50–100 ml each time a bowel movement.
Probiotics are also considered to be able to help overcome diarrhea by restoring the balance of bacteria in the intestines. This drug is usually given to treat diarrhea caused by the side effects of antibiotics and gastrointestinal infections.
To take advantage of this diarrhea medicine, you can consume foods and drinks that contain probiotics, such as tempeh, natto, kefir, kimchi, kombucha, and yogurt.
In addition, probiotics can also be available in powder, capsule, or chewable supplements. Before taking probiotics as diarrhea medicine, you can consult with your doctor first.
3. Activated carbon
Drugs containing activated carbon or activated charcoal are also known to help treat diarrhea. Activated carbon treats diarrhea by absorbing toxins that cause diarrhea and then expelling them with feces.
This diarrhea medicine is available in capsule or powder form. Typical doses of activated carbon to treat diarrhea in adults range from 25–100 grams, or according to body weight. Before consuming activated carbon, make sure you consult your doctor first.
If you have acute diarrhea, your doctor may prescribe antidiarrheal drugs, such as loperamide and bismuth subsalicylate. Antidiarrheal drugs are only effective at relieving the symptoms of diarrhea, but they cannot treat the underlying cause.
The dose of loperamide for adults is generally started by taking 2 tablets directly. After that, it is continued by taking 1 tablet each time you have a bowel movement. The maximum consumption of loperamide is 6 tablets a day.
Meanwhile, the usual dose of b ismuth subsalicylate for adults is 2 tablets every 1-2 hours. The maximum consumption of this drug is 16 tablets a day.
Most of the diarrhea is acute and caused by viruses so it does not require treatment using antibiotics. However, if the diarrhea is caused by a bacterial infection, you will need to take antibiotics as prescribed by your doctor.
The use of antibiotics as diarrhea medicine may be needed to treat some conditions such as the following:
- severe and persistent diarrhea, or having persistent diarrhea
- Diarrhea in people with weakened immune systems, such as people with heart failure, lung disease, or HIV/AIDS
Antibiotics must be taken on time and spent in order to completely kill bacteria and not cause resistance to antibiotics.
Effective Ways to Prevent Diarrhea
The following are some effective ways to prevent diarrhea that you can apply in your daily life:
- Wash hands with soap, especially after defecating, after playing, before preparing food, and before eating.
- Keep the environment clean, including clean water and waste management.
- Eat more cooked fruit or vegetables.
- Avoid consuming raw meat.
- Avoid foods with artificial sweeteners such as sweeteners in chewing gum and sugar substitutes.
- Avoid drinking tap water or ice that is not guaranteed to be clean.
By routinely implementing a clean and he althy lifestyle as above, it is hoped that you will avoid diarrhea which can interfere with your activities.
If you have diarrhea that doesn't go away within 2 days, especially if it's accompanied by fever and signs of dehydration, it's recommended that you go to the doctor for appropriate treatment.