Table of contents:
- Heart Ring Installation Procedure
- Treatment after Installing the Heart Ring
- Benefits and Risks of Placing a Heart Ring
Installation of a heart ring (heart stent) is one of the most common effective treatments for coronary heart patients. However, lifestyle changes are still needed to be able to recover from coronary heart disease
Generally, you will be advised to do a heart ring when your coronary arteries are filled with a lot of plaque, thus blocking the flow of blood vessels. This condition is usually caused by cholesterol and other substances that stick to the artery walls.
In addition to being used to treat coronary heart disease, a heart ring is also used to improve blood flow in cases of a heart attack.
Heart Ring Installation Procedure
A heart ring or stent is a small tube that is inserted to open the blockage in blood flow, so that blood flow is no longer obstructed. The stent can be made of plastic or metal and can also be coated with medication to keep the artery open.
The procedure for inserting a heart ring begins with injecting a local anesthetic into the area where the catheter will be inserted. Usually a catheter is inserted through a vein in the groin, arm, or neck.
After that, the doctor will insert a catheter with a stent and a balloon at the end, into the narrowed coronary artery. The catheter is directed using a monitor and a special dye as a guide.When the catheter is in the narrowed or blocked area, the balloon inside the stent will expand, followed by widening of the coronary artery wall.
Once the blockage in the coronary artery opens and the blood flow returns to normal, the doctor will deflate the balloon and remove the catheter. However, the stent is left in the coronary artery to keep blood flowing there and prevent further damage to your heart muscle.
Treatment after Installing the Heart Ring
Usually, the heart ring installation process only takes 1-3 hours. However, during the preparation and recovery process, you will need to stay in the hospital for a few days.
During the recovery period, you are advised to drink lots of water. To deal with pain in the incision, the doctor will give pain relievers. In addition, anticoagulant drugs may also be given to prevent clots or blood clots from forming in the stent.
In addition, you will be asked to limit all physical activities, including driving a motor vehicle. You are also recommended to carry out daily activities slowly and gradually, for at least one week after undergoing surgery.
Benefits and Risks of Placing a Heart Ring
Installing a heart ring certainly has a positive impact, namely it can improve the quality of life of patients with coronary heart disease.
In some cases, a heart ring can also be an alternative solution to coronary bypass surgery, because a heart ring is much less invasive than bypass surgery. In addition, the recovery time with a heart ring is also much faster, compared to bypass surgery.
However, installing a heart ring also carries a number of risks, such as blood clots, heart attacks, drug allergies, blood vessel infections, and narrowing of blood vessels again.
Despite the risks, the choice not to undergo heart ring insertion surgery will generally have a more fatal effect than some of the risks above. Because, the narrowing of blood vessels that are not handled properly will eventually have a more serious impact, and can even lead to death.
In addition to installing a heart ring, you also have to maintain a good and balanced lifestyle, such as:
- Quit smoking.
- Maintaining ideal body weight.
- Controlling cholesterol, diabetes and high blood pressure.
- Exercise regularly.
In order to get a complete picture of the procedure for inserting a heart ring, it is recommended that you consult a cardiologist. It is important to prepare all the necessary things, including physical and mental preparation before, during, and after the insertion of the heart ring.