Table of contents:
- Reasons Why Babies Must Enter the NICU
- Conditions in the NICU Room
- Doctors and Medical Staff in the NICU Room
The NICU room or neonatal intensive care unit is an intensive care room in a hospital that is specially provided for newborns with he alth problems. Generally, babies are admitted to the NICU in the first 24 hours after birth
The length of treatment in the NICU room varies, depending on the condition of each baby. The more serious the he alth problems experienced, the longer the baby will be treated in the NICU. The reasons why babies need to be cared for in the NICU also vary, of course the goal is for the little one to receive intensive supervision and care
Reasons Why Babies Must Enter the NICU
After birth, babies can no longer depend solely on the mother like when they were in the womb. Babies must quickly adapt to the environment and begin to use their internal organs independently.
Unfortunately, not all babies can adapt quickly and are born in he althy conditions, so they need medical help. Here are some reasons why newborns should go to the NICU:
- Babies born prematurely, ie before entering the 37th week.
- Baby having problems during labor.
- Baby shows signs of he alth problems at birth.
- Babies born with low body weight, which is less than 2500 grams or above 4000 grams.
Besides some of the causes above, there are other factors that can increase the risk of a baby entering the NICU after birth, namely:
The risk of a baby entering the NICU after birth can be influenced by the mother's condition and medical history. Here are the conditions that affect it:
- Give birth at the age of less than 16 years or over 40 years.
- Has a history of alcohol or drug addiction.
- Has a history of diabetes, hypertension, or sexually transmitted diseases.
- Excess or lack of amniotic fluid.
- Amniotic fluid ruptures faster.
- Experiencing bleeding.
- Give birth to twins.
The baby's risk of entering the NICU is also influenced by the condition and he alth of the baby after birth. Conditions of babies that require NICU treatment include:
- Has a birth defect.
- Suffering from respiratory distress.
- Having a seizure.
- Exposed to hypoglycemia.
- Requires oxygen supply, intravenous drip, medication, or blood transfusion.
- Having an infection, such as herpes, B streptococcus, or chlamydia.
The labor factor
A number of childbirth factors that put babies at risk for entering the NICU are:
- Baby born breech.
- The occurrence of fetal distress (the baby has a lack of oxygen).
- The occurrence of meconium discharge disorder (the baby excretes its first feces in the amniotic fluid).
- The baby's neck is wrapped around the umbilical cord.
Conditions in the NICU Room
The NICU room is a sterile area that cannot be entered by just anyone.Each hospital has a different policy regarding the number and hours of parent visits to the NICU. However, all hospitals must provide soap or hand sanitizer to ensure that visiting guests are in sterile conditions.
In general, the condition of the NICU room is very quiet because the babies in it are very sensitive to sound and light. The babies being cared for are also usually in the incubator to keep their body temperature stable.
The NICU room is equipped with several medical devices to make the baby feel comfortable, including:
1. baby warmer
This tool serves to keep the baby's body temperature stable. This tool is usually attached to the bed.
2. NICU Incubator
This tool resembles a small bed covered by hard plastic. This tool is equipped with a heater to maintain the baby's body temperature.
3. Food hose
This device is inserted into the baby's stomach through the mouth or nose to deliver food, breast milk, and other nutrients that the baby needs.
This tool is used to lower bilirubin levels that are too high, as the cause of jaundice in babies. Usually this condition occurs in babies born prematurely.
This tool serves to help the baby's breathing. This device is connected to the baby using a thin tube that is inserted into the nose or mouth.
All babies in the NICU are connected to monitors to monitor their condition. Medical signs will appear through this monitor.
Doctors and Medical Staff in the NICU Room
A number of medical devices in the NICU room are only used according to the needs of each baby. The medical device is operated by the officers in charge of the NICU room. These officers include:
- Pediatrician, a neonatologist who specializes in treating newborns.
- Special nurse in charge of accompanying and monitoring the baby's condition.
- Additional staff, such as radiographers to operate echocardiograms or X-rays, lab staff, or physiotherapists.
- Doctors with related speci alties to help with care according to the needs of babies in the NICU.
The presence of a NICU room is very important to help newborns who have he alth problems. The actions taken by doctors and nurses on duty in the NICU greatly affect the survival of the babies in it.
If your baby is forced into the NICU, make sure you get as much information as possible from the doctors and nurses on duty. Ask for information about the procedure performed, the treatment being undertaken, to the development of your baby's he alth from time to time.